Affidavit in Support of Criminal Complaint, Arrest Warrant and Search Warrant (2022)

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA
Alexandria Division
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA))v.))CRIMINAL NO.ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN,)a/k/a "B")a/k/a "Ramon Garcia")a/k/a "Jim Baker")a/k/a "G. Robertson")
AFFIDAVIT IN SUPPORT OF
CRIMINAL COMPLAINT, ARREST WARRANT AND SEARCH WARRANTS
I, Stefan A. Pluta, being duly sworn, depose and state asfollows:

1. I am presently employed as a Special Agent of theFederal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and am assigned to theWashington Field Office in the District of Columbia. I have beenemployed as an FBI Special Agent for approximately 13 years. Ihave completed FBI training in foreign counterintelligencematters. As a result of my training and experience, I amfamiliar with the tactics, methods, and techniques of foreignintelligence services and their agents.

2. This affidavit is in support of applications for thefollowing:

    A) A warrant for the arrest of ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN(DOB 4/18/44) for violations of Title 18 UnitedStates Code, Sections 794 (a) (TransmittingNational Defense Information) and 794 (c)(Conspiracy to Commit Espionage); and

    B) Search warrants for:

      1) The residence of ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN, suchpremises known and described as a singlefamily residence located at:

      9414 Talisman Drive
      Vienna, Virginia 22182

      as more fully described in Attachment B, andwhich is within the Eastern District ofVirginia;

      2) One silver 1997 Ford Taurus, bearing VINIFALP52U9VG211742 and Virginia license platenumber ZCW9538, which is owned by ROBERTPHILIP HANSSEN and anticipated to be withinthe Eastern District of Virginia;

      3) One 1993 Volkswagen van, bearing VINWV2KC0706PH080424 and Virginia license platenumber ZCW9537, which is owned by ROBERTPHILIP HANSSEN and anticipated to be withinthe Eastern District of Virginia;

      4) One 1992 Isuzu Trooper, bearing VINJACDH58W7N7903937 and Virginia license plateYRP3849, which is owned by ROBERT PHILIPHANSSEN and anticipated to be within theEastern District of Virginia.

3. In my capacity as case agent assigned to this matter, Ihave examined documents and other records pertinent to thisinvestigation from numerous sources. Searches and various formsof surveillance have also been conducted pursuant to the ForeignIntelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) and orders of the ForeignIntelligence Surveillance Court (FISC).

I. SUMMARY OF INVESTIGATION

4. The results of this investigation to date indicate thatthere is probable cause to believe that, beginning in 1985 andcontinuing to the present, ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN (hereinafter"HANSSEN"), a United States citizen, has conspired with officersand agents of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(hereinafter "USSR" or "Soviet Union") and with its principalsuccessor state, the Russian Federation (hereinafter "Russia") tocommit espionage against the United States on behalf of a foreigngovernment, specifically the Soviet Union or Russia, and has infact engaged in such espionage.

5. The evidence establishes that between 1985 and thepresent, HANSSEN — who the KGB/SVR referred to as "B" — hasengaged in the following conduct in violation of 18 U.S.C.§§794 (a) and (c):

    (a) He compromised numerous human sources of the UnitedStates Intelligence Community. Three of these sources werecompromised by both HANSSEN and former CIA officer Aldrich Ames,resulting in their arrest, imprisonment and, as to twoindividuals, execution. HANSSEN compromised these threeindividuals expressly in order to enhance his own security andenable him to continue spying against the United States.

    (b) He compromised dozens of United States Governmentclassified documents, including documents concerning the NationalMASINT (Measurement and Signature Intelligence) Program(classified TOP SECRET/SCI), the United States Double AgentProgram (classified SECRET), the FBI Double Agent Program(classified TOP SECRET), the United States IntelligenceCommunity's Comprehensive Compendium of Future IntelligenceRequirements (classified TOP SECRET), a study concerning KGBrecruitment operations against the CIA (classified SECRET), anassessment of the KGB's effort to gather information concerningcertain United States nuclear programs (classified TOP SECRET), aCIA analysis of the KGB's First Chief Directorate (classifiedSECRET), a highly classified and tightly restricted analysis ofthe foreign threat to a specific named highly compartmentedclassified United States Government program (classified TOPSECRET/SCI), and other classified documents of exceptionalsensitivity.

    (c) He compromised United States Intelligence Communitytechnical operations of extraordinary importance and value. Thisincluded specific electronic surveillance and monitoringtechniques and precise targets of the United States IntelligenceCommunity. In one case, he compromised an entire technicalprogram of enormous value, expense and importance to the UnitedStates Government. In several other cases, he compromised theUnited States Intelligence Community's specific communicationsintelligence capabilities, as well as several specific targets.

    (d) He compromised numerous FBI counterintelligenceinvestigative techniques, sources, methods and operations, andFBI operational practices and activities targeted against theKGB/SVR. He also advised the KGB/SVR as to specific methods ofoperation that were secure from FBI surveillance and warned theKGB/SVR as to certain methods of operation which were subject toFBI surveillance.

    (e) He disclosed to the KGB the FBI's secret investigationof Felix Bloch, a Foreign Service Officer, for espionage, whichled the KGB to warn Bloch that he was under investigation, andcompletely compromised the investigation.

    (f) HANSSEN's conspiratorial activities continue to thepresent. HANSSEN continues to monitor a particular SVR signalsite, doing so on numerous occasions in December 2000, January2001 and February 2001. A recent search of HANSSEN's personalvehicle, pursuant to court authorization, disclosed a number ofclassified SECRET documents, entries in a personal journalconcerning matters related to the instant investigation, anditems typically used to mark signal sites. It has also beendetermined that HANSSEN continues to attempt to ascertain whetherhe has become the subject of FBI investigative interest,including checking FBI records to determine whether there havebeen recent entries as to his own name, his home address, or thesignal site.

    (g) Over the course of HANSSEN's espionage activities, hecommunicated on numerous occasions with KGB/SVR personnel. ThisAffidavit cites 27 letters he sent to the KGB/SVR, and itdescribes 33 packages the KGB/SVR left for HANSSEN at secretlocations, and 22 packages HANSSEN left for the KGB/SVR at secretlocations. The Affidavit also describes two telephoneconversations HANSSEN had with KGB personnel. The Affidavitdescribes 26 computer diskettes that HANSSEN passed to theKGB/SVR, containing additional disclosures of information, and 12diskettes that the KGB/SVR passed to "B". HANSSEN provided theKGB/SVR more than 6,000 pages of documentary material.

    (h) For his services to the KGB/SVR, HANSSEN was paid over$600,000 in cash and diamonds. In addition, the KGB/SVR placedfunds in escrow in a Moscow bank on HANSSEN's behalf. Some timein the last two years, the KGB/SVR informed HANSSEN that theescrowed funds are now worth at least $800,000.

II. KEY TERMS AND ENTITIES

6. The term counterintelligence means information gatheredand activities conducted to protect against espionage, otherintelligence activities, sabotage, or assassination conducted foror on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons.

7. The KGB (Komitet Gosudarstvenoy Bezopasnosti, orCommittee for State Security) was the intelligence service of theformer Soviet Union. The KGB's First Chief Directorate (FCD) wasresponsible for foreign intelligence, active measures, andcounterintelligence. KGB FCD intelligence officers assigned toSoviet diplomatic missions could be assigned to Line KR (ForeignCounterintelligence), Line N (Illegals Operations), Line PR(Political), or Line X (Science and Technology), among others.The KGB's Second Chief Directorate (SCD) was responsible, amongother things, for domestic counterintelligence, that is,counterintelligence activities within the Soviet Union. TheKGB's Moscow headquarters was referred to as the Moscow Center.

8. Since December 1991, the SVR (Sluzhba Vneshney RazvedkiRossii, or Russian Foreign Intelligence Service) has been theRussian Federation's successor agency to the KGB's foreignintelligence arm.

9. The GRU (Glavnoye Razvedyvateinoye Upravlenie, or ChiefIntelligence Directorate of the General Staff) was the militaryintelligence agency of the former Soviet Union, and continues toserve that function for the Russian Federation.

10. The Soviet/Russian Embassy in Washington, D.C., islocated at 1125 16th Street, N.W.; the Soviet/Russian Diplomatic-Compound is located at 2650 Wisconsin Avenue, N.W. The KGB/SVRpresence in a Soviet/Russian diplomatic mission is called theRezidentura. headed by the KGB/SVR Rezident.

11. An agent-in-place is a person who remains in a positionwhile acting under the direction of a hostile intelligenceservice, so as to obtain current intelligence information. It isalso called a recruitment-in-place.

12. An illegal is an intelligence officer or a recruitedagent who operates in a foreign country in the guise of a privateperson, and is often present under false identity.

13. A double agent is an agent engaged in clandestineactivity for two or more intelligence services who providesinformation about one service to another.

14. A dead drop is a prearranged hidden location used forthe clandestine exchange of packages, messages, and payments,which avoids the necessity of an intelligence officer and anagent being present at the same time.

15. A signal site is a prearranged fixed location, usuallyin a public place, on which an agent or intelligence officer canplace a predetermined mark in order to alert the other tooperational activity. Such a mark may be made by, for example,chalk or a piece of tape. The operational activity signaled maybe the fact that a dead drop has been "loaded" and is ready to be"cleared." A call-out signal may be used to trigger a contactbetween an agent and an intelligence officer.

16. An accommodation address is a "safe" address, notovertly associated with intelligence activity, used by an agentto communicate with the intelligence service for whom he working.

17. The FBI has documented the use by the KGB/SVR ofagents-in-place, illegals, double agents, dead drops, signalsites, call-out signals, and accommodation addresses, includingtheir use in the Northern Virginia area, in the Eastern Districtof Virginia.

18. The United States Intelligence Community is theaggregation of those Executive Branch entities and programs that,in accordance with applicable United States law and theprovisions of Executive Order 12333, conduct intelligenceactivities that are necessary for the conduct of foreignrelations and the protection of the national security of theUnited States, and that make up the total national intelligenceeffort. It includes the FBI's National Security Division, theCentral Intelligence Agency (CIA), the National Security Agency(NSA), the National Reconnaissance Organization (NRO), theDefense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the Bureau of Intelligence andResearch of the Department of State (DOS/INR), and theintelligence elements of the military service branches, amongother entities.

19. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), Title50, United States Code, Sections 1801-1811 and 1821-1829,provides for electronic surveillance and searches within theUnited States directed at persons for whom there is probablecause to believe they are knowingly engaged in clandestineintelligence gathering activities for or on behalf of a foreignpower, which activities involve or may involve a violation of thecriminal statutes of the United States, as authorized by theForeign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC).

20. Aldrich Hazen Ames is a former CIA officer who in 1994was arrested and subsequently pled guilty to having committedespionage as an agent of the KGB and SVR. Ames volunteered tothe KGB in April 1985, and provided information to the KGB andthe SVR until the date of his arrest in February 1994.

21. Classified information is defined by Executive Order12958 and its predecessor orders (including E.O. 12356), asfollows: information in any form that (1) is owned by, producedby or for, or under the control of the United States Government;(2) falls within one or more of the categories set forth inSection 1.5 of the Order (including intelligence sources ormethods, cryptology, military plans, and vulnerabilities orcapabilities of systems, installations, projects, or plansrelating to the national security), and (3) is classified by anoriginal classification authority who determines that itsunauthorized disclosure reasonably could be expected to result indamage to the national security. Where such unauthorized releasecould reasonably result in "serious" damage, the information maybe classified as SECRET. Where such damage is "exceptionallygrave," the information may be classified TOP SECRET. Access toclassified information at any level may be further restrictedthrough compartmentation in SENSITIVE COMPARTMENTED INFORMATION(SCI) categories. Dissemination of classified information at anylevel may also be restricted through caveats such as: NOFORN (NotReleasable to Foreign Nationals), NOCONTRACT (Not Releasable toContractors or Contractor/Consultants), WNINTEL (Warning Notice:Intelligence Sources and Methods Involved), and ORCON(Dissemination and Extraction of Information Controlled byOriginator).

III. BACKGROUND OF ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN

22. ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN was born on April 18, 1944, inChicago, Illinois, where he was raised. He is a United Statescitizen.

23. HANSSEN received an AB degree in Chemistry from KnoxCollege, in Illinois, in 1966. He studied dentistry atNorthwestern University, in Chicago, Illinois, from 1966 to 1968,and received an MBA degree in Accounting and Information Systemsfrom Northwestern University in 1971. He became a CertifiedPublic Accountant in 1973.

24. From 1971 to 1972, HANSSEN was employed as a junioraccountant at an accounting firm in Chicago, Illinois. In 1972,HANSSEN joined the Chicago Police Department as an investigatorin the Financial Section of the Inspection Services Division.

25. HANSSEN studied the Russian language during college.

    A. FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION EMPLOYMENT AND DUTIES

26. On January 12, 1976, HANSSEN entered on duty as aSpecial Agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. He hasserved as an FBI Special Agent continuously since that date.

27. After initial training, HANSSEN was assigned to the FBIField Office in Indianapolis, Indiana, and served on a WhiteCollar Crime squad at the Resident Agency in Gary, Indiana, untilAugust 1, 1978.

28. From August 2, 1978 to January 10, 1981, HANSSEN wasassigned to the FBI Field Office in New York, New York, initiallyworking on accounting matters in the Field Office's criminaldivision.

29. In March 1979, HANSSEN was detailed to the New YorkField Office's intelligence division to help establish the FBI'sautomated counterintelligence data base in that office. At thattime, this was a new automated database of information aboutforeign officials, including intelligence officers, assigned tothe United States. Its contents were classified up to the SECRETlevel.

30. From January 12, 1981, to September 22, 1985, HANSSENwas assigned to FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C., as aSupervisory Special Agent in the Intelligence Division. FromJanuary 1981 to August 1983, HANSSEN was assigned to the BudgetUnit, which managed the FBI's portion of the United StatesIntelligence Community' s National Foreign Intelligence Program,and prepared budget justifications to Congress. This office hadaccess to the full range of information concerning intelligenceand counterintelligence activities involving FBI resources. FromAugust 1983 until September 1985, HANSSEN was assigned to theSoviet Analytical Unit, which supported FBI FCI operations andinvestigations involving Soviet intelligence services, andprovided analytical support to senior FBI management and theIntelligence Community.

While at FBI Headquarters, HANSSEN was assigned to theintelligence component of a particular highly-compartmentedclassified United States Government program. He also served onthe FBI's FCI Technical Committee, which was responsible forcoordinating technical projects relating to FCI operations.

31. From September 23, 1985, to August 2, 1987, HANSSEN wasassigned to the intelligence division of the FBI Field Office inNew York, New York, as supervisor of an FCI squad.

32. From August 3, 1987, to June 24, 1990, HANSSEN wasreassigned to FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C., where heagain served as a Supervisory Special Agent in the IntelligenceDivision's Soviet Analytical Unit.

33. From June 25, 1990, to June 30, 1991, HANSSEN wasassigned to the FBI Headquarter' s Inspections Staff as anInspector's Aide. In this assignment he traveled to FBI FieldOffices, Resident Agencies, and FBI Legal Attache offices inUnited States Embassies abroad.

34. On July 1, 1991, HANSSEN returned to the IntelligenceDivision at FBI Headquarters, where he served for six months inthe Soviet Operations Section as a program manager in the unitresponsible for countering efforts by the Soviets (andparticularly the KGB's Line X) to acquire United Statesscientific and technical intelligence.

35. From January 6, 1992, to April 11, 1994, HANSSEN servedas Chief of the National Security Threat List (NSTL) Unit in theIntelligence Division (renamed the National Security Division, orNSD, in 1993) at FBI Headquarters. There he focused the Unit'sefforts on economic espionage.

36. In April 1994, HANSSEN was temporarily assigned to theFBI's Washington Metropolitan Field Office (now called WashingtonField Office).

37. In December 1994, HANSSEN was reassigned to FBIHeadquarters, in the Office of the Assistant Director for NSD.

38. From February 12, 1995, to January 12, 2001, HANSSENwas detailed to serve as the FBI's senior representative to theOffice of Foreign Missions of the United States Department ofState (DOS/OFM). In that position he functioned as the head ofan interagency counterintelligence group within DOS/OFM, and asFBI's liaison to the State Department's Bureau of Intelligenceand Research (DOS/INR). His office was in an area designatedSuites 106, 107 and 108 of Room 2510C of the State Departmentbuilding at 2201 C Street, N.W., Washington, D.C.

39. Effective January 13, 2001, HANSSEN was assigned to anewly-created position in the Information Resources Division, atFBI Headquarters, in order that the FBI could more effectivelymonitor his daily activities without alerting him to the ongoinginvestigation of his activities. His current office is Room 9930of FBI Headquarters, 935 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington,D.C.

40. At no time during his employment with the FBI wasHANSSEN ever authorized, directly or indirectly, to deliver,communicate, or transmit the classified information and documentsdescribed in this Affidavit to agents, officers, or employees ofthe KGB, SVR, or any other hostile foreign intelligence service.

    B. OATHS OF OFFICE
41. On January 12, 1976, upon entering service with theFBI, HANSSEN signed an Oath of Office in which he swore that:
    I will support and defend the Constitution of theUnited States against all enemies, foreign anddomestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance tothe same; that I take this obligation freely, withoutany mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and thatI will well and faithfully discharge the duties of theoffice on which I am about to enter. So help me God.
42. On January 12, 1976, HANSSEN also signed the FBI Pledgefor Law Enforcement Officers, in which he pledged, in part, asfollows:
    Humbly recognizing the responsibilities entrusted tome, . . . . I accept the obligation in connection withmy assignments to . . . consider the information,coming into my knowledge by virtue of my position as asacred trust, to be used solely for official purposes.. . . In the performance of my duties and assignments,I shall not engage in unlawful and unethical practices.. .. While occupying the status of a law enforcementofficer or at any other time subsequent thereto, Ishall not seek to benefit personally because of myknowledge of any confidential matter which has come tomy attention. I am aware of the seriousresponsibilities of my office and in the performance ofmy duties . . . I shall wage vigorous warfare againstthe enemies of my country, of its laws, and of itsprinciples; . . . I shall always be loyal to my duty,my organization, and my country.
43. On January 12, 1976, HANSSEN also signed an EmploymentAgreement in which he stated, in part:
    I hereby declare that I intend to be governed by and Iwill comply with the following provisions:

    (1) That I am hereby advised and I understand thatFederal law such as Title 18, United States Code,Sections 793, 794, and 798; Order of the President ofthe United States (Executive Order 11652); andregulations issued by the Attorney General of theUnited States (28 Code of Federal Regulations, Sections16.21 through 16.26) prohibit loss, misuse, orunauthorized disclosure or production of nationalsecurity information, other classified information andother nonclassified information in the files of theFBI;

    (2) I understand that unauthorized disclosure ofinformation in the files of the FBI or information Imay acquire as an employee of the FBI could result inimpairment of national security, place human life injeopardy, or result in the denial of due process to aperson or persons who are subjects of an FBIinvestigation, or prevent the FBI from effectivelydischarging its responsibilities. I understand theneed for this secrecy agreement; therefore, asconsideration for employment I agree that I will neverdivulge, publish, or reveal either by word or conduct,or by other means disclose to any unauthorizedrecipient without official written authorization by theDirector of the FBI or his delegate, any informationfrom the investigatory files of the FBI or anyinformation relating to material contained in thefiles, or disclose any information or produce anymaterial acquired as part of the performance of myofficial duties or because of my official status. . . .

    (4) That I understand unauthorized disclosure maybe a violation of Federal law and prosecuted as acriminal offense and in addition to this agreement maybe enforced by means of an injunction or other civilremedy.

    C. SECURITY CLEARANCES AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
44. HANSSEN received his initial TOP SECRET securityclearance on January 12, 1976, and has held various SCI accessessince his initial SCI indoctrination on June 23, 1980.

45. On June 23, 1980, HANSSEN signed a NondisclosureAgreement for Sensitive Compartmented Information, in which heacknowledged receiving a security indoctrination for a particularSCI program, and further acknowledged, among other things:

    3. I have been advised that direct or indirectunauthorized disclosure, unauthorized retention, ornegligent handling of the designated SensitiveCompartmented Information by me could cause irreparableinjury to the United States, and be used to advantageby a foreign nation. . . .

    4. In consideration of being granted access tothe designated Sensitive Compartmented Information, Ipledge that I will never divulge such information, inany form or any manner, to anyone who is not authorizedto receive it, without prior written authorization froman appropriate official of the United StatesGovernment.

    5. I have been advised that any unauthorizeddisclosure of the designated Sensitive CompartmentedInformation by me may be a substantial violation ofthis agreement, and may result in the termination of myemployment. In addition, I have been advised that anysuch unauthorized disclosure by me may constituteviolations of United States civil or criminal laws,including, as to the latter, the provisions of Sections793, 794, and 798, Title 18, United States Code, and ofSection 783, Title 50, United States Code. . . . Iacknowledge that the briefing officer has madeavailable Sections 793, 794, 798, and 1001 of Title 18,United States Code, Section 783 of Title 50, UnitedStates Code, Executive Order 12065, as amended and theInformation Security Oversight Office Directive of 2October 1978, as amended, which implements thisExecutive Order, so that I may read them at any time,if I so choose. . . .

    I make this agreement without any mentalreservation or purpose of evasion.

HANSSEN signed further iterations of this SCI NondisclosureAgreement, in order to have access to additional SCI programinformation, on the following dates: October 1, 1981; March 1,1982; September 9, 1983; April 10, 1985; and May 31, 1991.

46. On October 15, 1984, HANSSEN signed a ClassifiedInformation Nondisclosure Agreement in which he stated, in part:

    1. Intending to be legally bound, I hereby acceptthe obligations contained in this Agreement inconsideration of my being granted access to classifiedinformation. . . .

    2. I hereby acknowledge that I have received asecurity indoctrination concerning the nature andprotection of classified information . . . .

    3. I have been advised and am aware that director indirect unauthorized disclosure, unauthorizedretention, or negligent handling of classifiedinformation by me could cause irreparable injury to theUnited States or could be used to advantage by aforeign nation. I hereby agree that I will neverdivulge such information unless I have officiallyverified that the recipient has been properlyauthorized by the United States Government to receiveit or I have been given prior written notice ofauthorization from the United States GovernmentDepartment or Agency . . . last granting me a securityclearance that such disclosure is permitted. I furtherunderstand that I am obligated to comply with laws andregulations that prohibit the unauthorized disclosureof classified information.

    4. . . . I have been advised and am aware thatany unauthorized disclosure of classified informationby me may constitute a violation or violations ofUnited States criminal laws, including the provisionsof Sections 641, 793, 794, 798, and 952, Title 18,United States Code, the provisions of Section 783(b),Title 50, United States Code, and the provisions of theIntelligence Identities Protection Act of 1982. Irecognize that nothing in this Agreement constitutes awaiver by the United States of the right to prosecuteme for any statutory violation. . . .

    10. I have read this Agreement carefully and myquestions, if any, have been answered to mysatisfaction. I acknowledge that the briefing officerhas made available to me Sections 641, 793, 794, 798,and 952 of Title 18, United States Code, Section 783(b)of Title 50, United States Code, the IntelligenceIdentities Protection Act of 1982, and Executive Order12356, so that I may read them at this time, if I sochoose.

    D. RESIDENCES
47. From 1981 until 1985, HANSSEN owned a house and residedwith his family on Whitecedar Court in Vienna, Virginia.

48. In approximately August 1987, after returning from histour of duty in New York City, HANSSEN purchased a residence at9414 Talisman Drive in Vienna, Virginia, where he and his familyhave lived continuously since.

IV. BASIS FOR THE INFORMATION IN THIS AFFIDAVIT

49. This Affidavit is based on numerous different types andsources of information, including the following:

A. Letters, and other forms of communications from "B" tothe KGB/SVR, and from the KGB/SVR to "B";

B. A recording of a telephone conversation between "B" anda KGB/SVR officer;

C. Computer media, including hard drives and storagedevices;

D. The actual plastic material that constituted the innerwrapping of a package that "B" passed to the KGB/SVR;

E. Information provided by former KGB/SVR personnel;

F. Records of the FBI, the CIA, and other agencies of theUnited States Intelligence Community;

G. The contents of an actual package that the KGB/SVRpassed to "B";

H. Forensic testing and examination;

I. Interviews;

J. Physical searches and electronic surveillance conductedby the FBI pursuant to FISC authority;

K. Public records;

L. Other law enforcement and intelligence techniques,sources and methods; and

M. KGB/SVR operational and production files.

V. THE KGB's "B" OPERATION

50. The sources of information described in the foregoingsection have established the following regarding "B":

51. On or about October 4, 1985, a KGB Line PR officer inWashington, D.C., named Viktor M. Degtyar, received an envelopeby mail, at his residence in Alexandria, Virginia, in the EasternDistrict of Virginia. The envelope was postmarked "PrinceGeorge's Co, MD" on October 1, 1985. Inside was an innerenvelope, marked: "DO NOT OPEN. TAKE THIS ENVELOPE UNOPENED TOVICTOR I. CHERKASHIN." At that time, Viktor Ivanovich Cherkashinwas the Line KR Chief at the Soviet Embassy in Washington, D.C.Inside the inner envelope was an unsigned typed letter from theperson whom the KGB came to call "B." The letter read in part asfollows:

    DEAR MR. CHERKASHIN:
    SOON, I WILL SEND A BOX OF DOCUMENTS TO MR.DEGTYAR. THEY ARE FROM CERTAIN OF THE MOST SENSITIVEAND HIGHLY COMPARTMENTED PROJECTS OF THE U.S.INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY. ALL ARE ORIGINALS TO AID INVERIFYING THEIR AUTHENTICITY. PLEASE RECOGNIZE FOR OURLONG-TERM INTERESTS THAT THERE ARE A LIMITED NUMBER OFPERSONS WITH THIS ARRAY OF CLEARANCES. AS A COLLECTIONTHEY POINT TO ME. I TRUST THAT AN OFFICER OF YOUREXPERIENCE WILL HANDLE THEM APPROPRIATELY. I BELIEVETHEY ARE SUFFICIENT TO JUSTIFY A $100,000 PAYMENT TOME.
    I MUST WARN OF CERTAIN RISKS TO MY SECURITY OFWHICH YOU MAY NOT BE AWARE. YOUR SERVICE HAS RECENTLYSUFFERED SOME SETBACKS. I WARN THAT MR. BORIS YUZHIN(LINE PR, SF), MR. SERGEY MOTORIN, (LINE PR, WASH.) ANDMR. VALERIY MARTYNOV (LINE X, WASH.) HAVE BEENRECRUITED BY OUR "SPECIAL SERVICES."
"B" proceeded to describe in detail a particular highly sensitiveand classified information collection technique. In addition,"TO FURTHER SUPPORT MY BONA FIDES" he provided specific closely-held items of information regarding then-recent Soviet detectors."B" added:
    DETAILS REGARDING PAYMENT AND FUTURE CONTACT WILLBE SENT TO YOU PERSONALLY. . . . MY IDENTITY AND ACTUALPOSITION IN THE COMMUNITY MUST BE LEFT UNSTATED TOENSURE MY SECURITY. I AM OPEN TO COMMO SUGGESTIONS BUTWANT NO SPECIALIZED TRADECRAFT. I WILL ADD 6, (YOUSUBTRACT 6) FROM STATED MONTHS, DAYS AND TIMES IN BOTHDIRECTIONS OF OUR FUTURE COMMUNICATIONS.
The information concerning the FBI's recruitment of Yuzhin,Motorin, and Martynov was classified at least at the SECRETlevel, as was the defector information. The sensitiveinformation collection technique described above was classifiedat the TOP SECRET level.

52. Valeriy Fedorovich Martynov was a KGB Line X officerassigned to the Soviet Embassy in Washington, D.C., from October1980 to November 1985. In April 1982, the FBI recruited Martynovto serve as an agent-in-place, and he was debriefed jointly bythe FBI and the CIA. Martynov was compromised to the KGB by Amesin June 1985 and by "B" in October 1985, as described above.Based in part on the information provided by "B", the KGBdirected Martynov to return to Moscow in November 1985,ostensibly to accompany KGB officer Vitaliy Yurchenko, who wasreturning to the Soviet Union after his August 1985 defection tothe United States. Upon arriving in Moscow on or about November7, 1985, Martynov was arrested, and he was subsequently tried onespionage charges. Martynov was convicted and executed.

(Video) Redacted Affidavit In Trump Search Warrant To Be Unsealed

53. Sergey Mikhailovich Motorin was a KGB Line PR officerassigned to the Soviet Embassy in Washington D.C., from June 1980to January 1985. In January 1983, the FBI recruited Motorin toserve as an agent-in-place, and he was debriefed by the FBI.Motorin returned to Moscow at the end of his tour of duty inJanuary 1985. Motorin, like Martynov, was compromised to the KGBby Ames in June 1985 and by "B" in October 1985, as describedabove. Based in part on the information "B" gave the KGB,Motorin was arrested in November or December 1985, tried andconvicted on espionage charges during the period of October-November 1986, and executed in February 1987.

54. Boris Nikolayevich Yuzhin was a KGB Line PR officerassigned to San Francisco under cover as a student from 1975 to1976, and then as a TASS correspondent from 1978 to 1982. TheFBI recruited him to serve as an agent-in-place, and debriefedhim. After returning to the Soviet Union, Yuzhin became thesubject of an internal KGB investigation. Yuzhin was compromisedto the KGB by Ames in June 1985 and by "B" in October 1985.Based in part on the information "B" gave the KGB, Yuzhin wasarrested in December 1986, convicted of espionage, and sentencedto serve 15 years in prison. In 1992, he was released under ageneral grant of amnesty to political prisoners, and subsequentlyemigrated to the United States.

55. On or about October 15, 1985, Degtyar received by mail,at his residence in Alexandria, Virginia, in the Eastern Districtof Virginia, a package from "B" containing a large number ofclassified documents, including some original documents, of theUnited States Intelligence Community.

56. At 8:35 am on October 16, 1985, FBI surveillancepersonnel observed Degtyar arriving at the Soviet Embassycarrying a large black canvas bag which he did not typicallycarry.

57. Thereafter, Degtyar received by mail, at his residencein Alexandria, Virginia, in the Eastern District of Virginia, atyped message from "B," in an envelope bearing a handwrittenaddress and postmarked "New York, NY" on October 24, 1985. Themessage included the following text:

    DROP LOCATION

    Please leave your package for me under the corner(nearest the street) of the wooden foot bridgelocated just west of the entrance to NottowayPark. (ADC Northern Virginia Street Map, #14, D3)

    PACKAGE PREPARATION

    Use a green or brown plastic trash bag and trashto cover a waterproofed package.

    SIGNAL LOCATION

    Signal site will be the pictorial "pedestrian-crossing" signpost just west of the main NottowayPark entrance on Old Courthouse Road. (The signis the one nearest the bridge just mentioned.)

    SIGNALS

    My signal to you: One vertical mark of whiteadhesive tape meaning I am ready to receive yourpackage.

    Your signal to me: One horizontal mark of whiteadhesive tape meaning drop filled.

    My signal to you: One vertical mark of whiteadhesive tape meaning I have received yourpackage.

    (Remove old tape before leaving signal.)

The message established a date and times for the signals anddrops, and concluded: "I will acknowledge amount with my nextpackage."

The KGB designated this dead drop site by the codename"PARK". It is located in Fairfax County, Virginia, in theEastern District of Virginia.

58. On Saturday, November 2, 1985, the KGB loaded the"PARK" dead drop site with $50,000 in cash and a messageproposing procedures for future contacts with "B".

59. On or about November 8, 1985, Deglyar and Cherkashinreceived a typed letter from "B", which read in part as follows:

    Thank you for the 50,000.

    I also appreciate your courage and perseverance inthe face of generically reported bureaucraticobstacles. I would not have contacted you if it werenot reported that you were held in esteem within yourorganization, an organization I have studied for years.I did expect some communication plan in your response.I viewed the postal delivery as a necessary risk and donot wish to trust again that channel with valuablematerial. I did this only because I had to so youwould take my offer seriously, that there be nomisunderstanding as to my long-term value, and toobtain appropriate security for our relationship fromthe start.

"B" then rejected the contact plans proposed by the KGB, andsuggested a particular communications scheme based on "amicrocomputer 'bulletin board'" at a designated location, with"appropriate encryption." Meanwhile, he wrote: "Let us use thesame site again. Same timing. Same signals." "B" proposed thatthe next dead drop occur on "September 9" which, according to the"6" coefficient that he established with the KGB in his firstletter, actually meant that the dead drop operation would takeplace on March 3, 1986.

"B" also wrote:

    As far as the funds are concerned, I have littleneed or utility for more than the 100,000. It merelyprovides a difficulty since I can not spend it, storeit or invest it easily without triping [sic] "drugmoney" warning bells. Perhaps some diamonds assecurity to my children and some good will so that whenthe time comes, you will accept by [sic] seniorservices as a guest lecturer. Eventually, I wouldappreciate an escape plan. (Nothing lasts forever.)
Referring to Yuzhin, Motorin, and Martynov, whom he hadidentified in his first letter as United States intelligencerecruitments, "B" wrote:
    I can not provide documentary substantiatingevidence without arousing suspicion at this time.Never-the-less, it is from my own knowledge as a memberof the community effort to capitalize on theinformation from which I speak. I have seen videotapes of debriefings and physically saw the last,though we were not introduced. The names were providedto me as part of my duties as one of the few who neededto know. You have some avenues of inquiry.Substantial funds were provided in excess of what couldhave been skimmed from their agents. The active onehas always (in the past) used a concealment device -- abag with bank notes sewn in the base during homeleaves.
In conclusion, "B" warned of a "new technique" used by NSA, whichhe described.

60. On March 3, 1986, the KGB loaded dead drop site "PARK",but "B" did not appear and the KGB removed its package from thedead drop site the same day.

61. On or about June 30, 1986, Deglyar received a typedletter from "B" at his residence in Alexandria, Virginia, in theEastern District of Virginia. The letter read in part asfollows:

    I apologize for the delay since our break incommunications. I wanted to determine if there was anycause for concern over security. I have only seen oneitem which has given me pause. When the FBI was firstgiven access to Victor Petrovich Gandarev, they asked. . . if Gundarev knew Viktor Cherkashin. I thoughtthis unusual. I had seen no report indicating thatViktor Cherkashin was handling an important agent, andhere-to-fore he was looked at with the usual lethargyawarded Line Chiefs. The question came to mind, arethey somehow able to monitor funds, ie., to know thatViktor Cherkashin received a large amount of money foran agent? I am unaware of any such ability, but Imight not know that type of source reporting.
"B" then described a United States Intelligence Communitytechnical surveillance technique. He concluded:
    If you wish to continue our discussions, pleasehave someone run an advertisement in the WashingtonTimes during the week of 1/12/87 or 1/19/87, for sale,"Dodge Diplomat, 1971, needs engine work, $1000." Givea phone number and time-of-day in the advertisementwhere I can call. I will call and leave a phone numberwhere a recorded message can be left for me in onehour. I will say, "Hello, my name is Ramon. I amcalling about the car you offered for sale in theTimes." You will respond, "I'm sorry, but the man withthe car is not here, can I get your number." Thenumber will be in Area Code 212. I will not specifythat Area Code on the line.
"B" signed the letter: "Ramon".

According to the established "6" coefficient, the weeks theadvertisement was actually to run were July 6, 1986, or July 13,1986.

62. Viktor Gundarev was a KGB Line KR officer who defectedto the United States on February 14, 1986. A classified FBIdebriefing report, dated March 4, 1986, reports that FBIdebrief ers showed Gundarev a photo of Cherkashin and asked if heknew Cherkashin.

63. The following advertisement appeared in the WashingtonTimes from July 14, 1986, to July 18, 1986:

    DODGE - '71, DIPLOMAT, NEEDS ENGINE WORK, $1000. Phone(703) 451-9780 (CALL NEXT Mon., Wed., Fri. 1 p.m.)
64. The number 703/451-9780 at that time belonged to apublic telephone located in the vicinity of the Old Keene MillShopping Center, in Fairfax County, Virginia, in the EasternDistrict of Virginia. On Monday, July 21, 1986, "B" called thatnumber and gave the number 628-8047. The call was taken byAleksandr Kirillovich Fefelov, a KGB officer assigned to theSoviet Embassy in Washington, D.C.

65. One hour later, Fefelov telephoned 212/628-8047 andtold "B" that the KGB had loaded the "PARK" dead drop site. TheKGB mistakenly placed the package under the wrong corner of thewooden footbridge at the "PARK" site.

66. On or about August 7, 1986, Degtyar received a letterfrom "B" slating that he had not found the package at the deaddrop site, and indicating that he would phone 703/451-9780 onAugust 18, 20, or 22. The KGB then retrieved its package fromthe "PARK" dead drop site.

67. On Monday, August 18, 1986, "B" telephoned 703/451-9780, and spoke with Fefelov. The latter portion of theconversation was recorded as follows: ([UI] = unintelligible)

    "B": Tomorrow morning?

    FEFELOV: Uh, yeah, and the car is still available for youand as we have agreed last time, I prepared allthe papers and I left them on the same table. Youdidn't find them because I put them in anothercorner of the table.

    "B": I see.

    FEFELOV: You shouldn't worry, everything is okay. Thepapers are with me now.

    "B": Good.

    FEFELOV: I believe under these circumstances, mmmm, it'snot necessary to make any changes concerning theplace and the time. Our company is reliable, andwe are ready to give you a substantial discountwhich will be enclosed in the papers. Now, aboutthe date of our meeting. I suggest that ourmeeting will be, will take place without delay onFebruary thirteenth, one three, one p.m. Okay?February thirteenth.

    "B": [UI] February second?

    FEFELOV: Thirteenth. One three.

    "B": One three.

    FEFELOV: Yes. Thirteenth. One p.m.

    "B": Let me see if I can do that. Hold on.

    FEFELOV: Okay. Yeah.

    [pause]

    "B": [whispering] [UI]

    FEFELOV: Hello? Okay.

    [pause]

    "B": [whispering] Six .... Six ....

    [pause]

    "B": That should be fine.

    FEFELOV: Okay. We will confirm you, that the papers are waiting for you with the same horizontal tape in the same place as we did it at the first time.

    "B": Very good.

    FEFELOV: You see. After you receive the papers, you willsend the letter confirming it and signing it, asusual. Okay?

    "B": Excellent.

    FEFELOV: I hope you remember the address. Is . . . ifeverything is okay?

    "B": I believe it should be fine and thank you verymuch.

    FEFELOV: Heh-heh. Not at all. Not at all. Nice job. Forboth of us. Uh, have a nice evening, sir.

    "B": Do svidaniya.

    FEFELOV: Bye-bye.

According to the established "6" coefficient, the operationdiscussed in this conversation was actually scheduled to occur onAugust 19, 1986, at 7:00 am.

The KGB then loaded the "PARK" dead drop site with $10,000in cash, as well as: proposals for two additional dead drop sitesto be used by "B" and the KGB; a new accommodation addresscodenamed "NANCY"; and emergency communications plans for "B" topersonally contact KGB personnel in Vienna, Austria. The "NANCY"address was the residence of KGB Line PR officer Boris M.Malakhov in Alexandria, Virginia, in the Eastern District ofVirginia, who was to become Degtyar's replacement as the SovietEmbassy press secretary. "B" was instructed to mis-spellMalakhov's name as "Malkow." "B" subsequently cleared the deaddrop.

68. Thereafter, Degtyar received an envelope at hisresidence in Alexandria, Virginia, in the Eastern District ofVirginia. The envelope bore a handwritten address and returnaddress: "Ramon Garcia, 125 Main St, Falls Church VA." It waspostmarked from "NO VA MSC 22081" on August 19, 1986. MSCdesignates the Merrifield Service Center, located in the EasternDistrict of Virginia. Inside the envelope was a handwrittennote: "RECEIVED $10,000. RAMON."

69. On or about September II, 1987, Malakhov received anenvelope at his residence in the Eastern District of Virginia.The envelope bore a handwritten address to "B.N. MALKOW" at the"NANCY" address, and a handwritten return address of "R. GARCIA,125 MAIN ST, ALEXANDRIA, VA", and was postmarked September 8,1987. Inside was the following typed letter:

    Dear Friends:
    No, I have decided. It must be on myoriginal terms or not at all. I will notmeet abroad or here. I will not maintainlists of sites or modified equipment. I willhelp you when I can, and in time we willdevelop methods of efficient communication.Unless a [sic] see an abort signal on ourpost from you by 3/16, I will mail my contacta valuable package timed to arrive on 3/18.I will await your signal and package to be inplace before 1:00 pm on 3/22 or alternatelythe following three weeks, same day and time.If my terms are unacceptable then place nosignals and withdraw my contact. Excellentwork by him has ensured this channel issecure for now. My regards to him and to theprofessional way you have handled thismatter.
      sincerely,
      Ramon
According to the established "6" coefficient, the datesreferred to in this letter were actually September 10, 12, and16.

70. On Monday, September 14, 1987, the KGB received in themail a package of documents including TOP SECRET NationalSecurity Council documents.

71. On Tuesday, September 15, 1987, the KGB loaded the"PARK" dead drop site with $10,000 cash. The KGB also proposedtwo additional dead drop sites, one codenamed "AN" located inEllanor C. Lawrence Park in Western Fairfax County, in theEastern District of Virginia, and another codenamed "DEN" at adifferent location farther away. The KGB proposed that "B" loadthe dead drop at "PARK" or "AN" on September 26, 1987, and thatthe KGB respond by loading "DEN".

72. On Wednesday, September 16, 1987, the KGB determinedthat "B" had cleared the "PARK" dead drop and removed the signal73. On September 26, 1987, the KGB recovered from the"PARK" dead drop site a package from "B". The package containeda handwritten letter reading as follows:

    My Friends:
    Thank you for the $10,000.
    I am not a young man, and the commitments on mytime prevent using distant drops such as you suggest.I know in this I am moving you out of your set modes ofdoing business, but my experience tells me the [sic] wecan be actually more secure in easier modes.
"B" then suggested an exchange procedure involving a parked carinstead of a dead drop site, and a related communicationsprocedure, but stated: "If you cannot do this I will clear thisonce ‘AN' on your scheduled date (rather than the other)." Hethen asked the KGB to "Find a comfortable Vienna VA signal siteto call me to an exchange any following Monday." He closed theletter, "Good luck with your work", and signed it "Ramon."

The package also contained a document which the KGBdescribed as having the title which roughly translates intoEnglish as: "National Intelligence Program for 87".

74. Thereafter, the KGB proposed to "B" a signal site inVienna, Virginia, in the Eastern District of Virginia, on thepost of a stop sign on the shoulder of Courthouse Road near itsjunction with Locust Street. This signal site was referred to as"V".

75. On September 29, 1987, the KGB deposited $100,000 intoan escrow account established for "B" in a Soviet bank in Moscow.

76. On November 10, 1987, Malakhov received a letter from"B" at his residence in the Eastern District of Virginia. Theenvelope bore a return address of "J. Baker" in "Chicago" and waspostmarked on November 7, 1987. In the letter, "B" advised thatSaturday for "AN" was not suitable, and he postponed theoperation for two days, until Monday, November 16. He advisedthat he had an urgent package for the KGB, and asked the KGB toplace a signal confirming receipt of the letter. That same day,the KGB placed a signal at the "PARK" signal site.

Thereafter, whenever "B" used the word "Chicago" in a returnaddress, it was to signal that he intended for a dead dropexchange to occur the following Monday.

77. On Sunday, November 15, 1987, the KGB loaded the "AN"dead drop site with a package. It was not cleared by "B" and, onNovember 17, the KGB removed the package.

78. On Thursday, November 19, 1987, the KGB received ahandwritten letter from "B". The envelope bore a return addressof "G. Robertson" in "Houston" and was postmarked on November 17,1987. The letter read as follows:

    Unable to locate AN based on your description at night.Recognize that I am dressed in business suit and cannot slog around in inch deep mud. I suggest we useonce again original site. I will place my urgentmaterial there at next AN times. Replace it with yourpackage. I will select some few sites good for me andpass them to you. Please give new constant conditionsof recontact as address to write. Will not putsubstantive material through it. Only instructions asusual format.
      Ramon
79. On Monday, November 23, 1987, "B" and the KGB carriedout an exchange operation at the "PARK" dead drop site.The package from "B" to the KGB contained: a cable-typereport about a meeting in October 1987 with a valuable source,whom the KGB referred to as "M"; a survey of information providedby Vitaliy Yurchenko; and an official technical documentdescribing COINS-II.

In 1987, COINS-II was the then-current version of the UnitedStates Intelligence Community's "Community On-Line IntelligenceSystem," which constituted a classified Community-wide intranet.

The package from the KGB to "B" contained $20,000 cash and aletter conveying "regards" from the KGB Director and advisingthat $100,000 had been deposited in a bank at 6-7% interest. Theletter also asked "B" for a variety of specific classifiedinformation. The KGB gave "B" two new accommodation addressesand asked "B" to propose new dead drop sites.

80. On February 4, 1988, the KGB received a note from "B"at one of the new accommodation addresses it had given to "B" inthe November 23, 1987, dead drop. The address was the residenceof a Soviet diplomatic official known to the FBI as a KGB co-optee, located in the Eastern of Virginia. The note read simply:"OK". It was in an envelope bearing a return address of "JimBaker" in "Langley" and postmarked in Washington, D.C., onFebruary 3, 1988.

81. On Monday, February 8, 1988, "B" and the KGB carriedout an exchange operation at the "PARK" dead drop site inNottoway Park, which the KGB had now renamed "PRIME".The package from "B" to the KGB contained a typed, unsignedletter. In the letter, "B" acknowledged receipt of $20,000 andidentified two additional drop sites. He then went on to providedetailed information concerning a Soviet detector, and advisedthe KGB that he had arranged time to review the detector's file."A full report will follow as soon as possible." He thendisclosed to the KGB certain specific information concerning theUnited States Intelligence Community's communication intelligencecapabilities.

Enclosed with the letter was the first computer diskette "B"passed to the KGB. Also in the package from "B" were classifieddocuments.

The package from the KGB to "B" contained $25,000 cash, anda letter conveying thanks of the KGB Chairman, VladimirKryuchkov, for the information about the valuable source "M".The KGB also asked "B" for more information about "M" and the"agent network" in New York City, and about a particular KGBofficer.

On the next day, February 9, 1988, the KGB observed that thesignal at "PARK/PRIME" had been removed, indicating that "B" hadcleared the dead drop.

82. On March 16, 1988, the KGB received a second computerdiskette from "B" at an accommodation address in the EasternDistrict of Virginia. The envelope bore a return address of "JimBaker" in "Chicago" and was postmarked in Washington, D.C., onMarch 15, 1988.

83. On March 17, 1988, the KGB received a letter from "B"at an accommodation address in the Eastern District of Virginia.The envelope bore a return address of "Jim Baker" in "Chicago"and was postmarked in Northern Virginia on March 16, 1988. Inthe letter, "B" instructed the KGB to use the "PARK/PRIME" deaddrop site until the KGB approved the other sites.

84. On Monday, March 21, 1988, the KGB observed a signalfrom "B" at the "PARK/PRIME" site, but was unable to check thedead drop site because strangers were present in the park.

85. On March 26, 1988, the KGB received a third computerdiskette from "B" at an accommodation address in the EasternDistrict of Virginia. The envelope bore a return address of "JimBaker" in "Chicago" and was postmarked in Washington, D.C., onMarch 24, 1988. The KGB found no text on the diskette, which itreferred to as "D-3".

86. On Monday, March 28, 1988, "B" and the KGB carried outan exchange operation at the "PARK/PRIME" dead drop site.

The package from "B" to the KGB included his fourth computerdiskette ("D-4"), a TOP SECRET document entitled "The FBI'sDouble Agent Program" and a document that the KGB described as aDirector of Central Intelligence (DCI) document entitled "StealthOrientation."

The package from the KGB to "B" included $25,000 cash and aletter explaining why the KGB had not been able to check the"PARK/PRIME" dead drop site on March 21. In the letter, the KGBalso advised it had been unable to read the diskettes "B" hadpassed to the KGB. The KGB asked "B" for information about codesand cryptograms, intelligence support for the Strategic DefenseInitiative, submarines, and other classified material.

The next day, the KGB observed that "B" had removed thesignal from the "PARK/PRIME" site, indicating he had removed thepackage.

87. On April 4, 1988, the KGB received an envelope from "B"at an accommodation address in the Eastern District of Virginia.The envelope bore a return address of "Jim Baker" in "Alexandria"and was postmarked in Northern Virginia, on March 31, 1988. Theenvelope contained a note from "B" reading: "use 40 TRACK MODE.this letter is not a signal."

The term "use 40-track mode" refers to a technical processfor re-formatting a computer diskette in order to conceal data byputting the data onto specific tracks on the diskette. Unless aperson uses the correct codes to decrypt such a diskette, thediskette would appear to be blank.

88. On April 6, 1988, the KGB received a package from "B"at an accommodation address in the Eastern District of Virginia.The envelope bore a return address of "Jim Baker" in "Fairfax"and a postmark of "MSC NO VA" (Merrifield Service Center,Northern Virginia, in the Eastern District of Virginia) on April5. The package contained a fifth diskette ("D-5"). On thediskette, "B" provided what the KGB characterized as "everything"about a particular KGB officer, additional information about aKGB defector named Victor Sheymov, and information about twospecific Soviet FBI recruitments. "B" also explained why the KGBhad been unable to read his diskettes. "B" also asked the KGBfor diamonds. The KGB subsequently purchased several diamondsfor use in the "B" operation.

89. On May 24, 1988, the KGB received a letter from "B" atan accommodation address in the District of Columbia. Theenvelope bore a return address of "Jim Baker" in "Chicago" andwas postmarked in "MSC NO VA" on May 17, 1988. With the letterwas "B"'s sixth diskette ("D-6"), which contained informationabout a number of matters. The diskette also containedinformation about a specific recent FBI Soviet recruitmentoperation.

(Video) Attorney representing Jaynes calls wording on affidavit a 'mistake'

90. On Monday, May 30, 1988, a KGB officer arrived at the"PARK/PRIME" dead drop site at 9:03 pm, three minutes after theend of the prearranged dead drop exchange period. The KGBofficer saw a man who apparently removed the signal, got into hi;car, and drove away.

91. On July 15, 1988, the KGB received a letter from "B" aan accommodation address in the Eastern District of Virginia.The envelope bore a return address "Chicago" and was postmarked"WDC 200" on July 13, 1988. The zip codes for Washington, D.C.,begin "200". The typed letter read as follows:

    I found the site empty. Possibly I had the timewrong. I work from memory. My recollection was foryou to fill before 1:00 a.m. I believe Viktor Degtyarwas in the church driveway off Rt. 123, but I did notknow how he would react to an approach. My schedulewas tight to make this at all. Because of my work, Ihad to synchronize explanations and flights while notleaving a pattern of absence or travel that could laterbe correlated with communication times. This isdifficult and expensive.
    I will call the number you gave me on 2/24, 2/26or 2/28 at 1:00 a.m., EDST. Please plan filledsignals. Empty sites bother me. I like to know beforeI commit myself as I'm sure you do also. Let's not usethe original site so early at least until the seasonschange. Some type of call-out signal to you when .1have a package or when I can receive one would beuseful. Also, please be specific about dates, e.g.,2/24. Scheduling is not simple for me because offrequent travel and wife. Any ambiguity multiplies theproblems.
    My security concerns may seem excessive. Ibelieve experience has shown them to be necessary. Iam much safer if you know little about me. Neither ofus are children about these things. Over time, I cancut your losses rather than become one.
      Ramon
    P.S. Your "thank you" was deeply appreciated.
92. On Monday, July 18, 1988, "B" and the KGB carried outan exchange operation at the "PARK/PRIME" dead drop site.

The package from "B" contained over 530 pages of material,including:

    (A) A CIA document concerning certain nuclear programs,dated approximately November 1987 classified TOP SECRET andwith the caveats NOFORN NOCONTRACT ORCON.

    (B) A DCI document entitled "Compendium of FutureIntelligence Requirements: Volume II", dated September 1987,prepared by the Staff of the Intelligence Producers Counciland classified TOP SECRET/SCI with the caveat NOFORN.

    (C) A CIA Counterintelligence Staff Study entitled "TheSoviet Counterintelligence Offensive: KGB RecruitmentOperations Against CIA," dated March 1988 and classifiedSECRET with the caveats NOFORN NOCONTRACT ORCON. Thisdocument contains the following preface:

Warning NoticeIntelligence Sourcesor Methods Involved(WNINTEL)National SecurityUnauthorized DisclosureInformationSubject to Criminal Sanctions

and also specifically defining "NOFORN" as "Not Releasableto Foreign Nationals."

(D) A TOP SECRET comprehensive historical FBI review ofallegations from recruitments and detectors over a period ofyears that the Soviet intelligence services had penetratedthe United States Intelligence Community. It identifiedSoviet recruitments and detectors with specificity, anddescribes particular information they provided. Itcontained the following warning:

IN VIEW OF THE EXTREME SENSITIVITY OF THIS DOCUMENT.THE UTMOST CAUTION MUST BE EXERCISED IN ITS HANDLING. THECONTENTS INCLUDE A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF SENSITIVE SOURCEALLEGATIONS AND INVESTIGATIONS OF PENETRATION OF THE FBI BYTHE SOVIET INTELLIGENCE SERVICES. THE DISCLOSURE OF WHICHWOULD COMPROMISE HIGHLY SENSITIVE COUNTERINTELLIGENCEOPERATIONS AND METHODS. ACCESS SHOULD BE LIMITED TO ASTRICT NEED-TO-KNOW BASIS.The package from the KGB to "B" contained $25,000 cash and aletter asking for information about surveillance systems, theagent network in New York City, illegal intelligence, and severalspecific FBI recruitment operations. The KGB proposed two newdead drop and related signal sites. One, named "BOB", was undera footbridge in Idylwood Park, between Vienna and Falls Church,in the Eastern District of Virginia. The other, named "CHARLIE",was under a footbridge in Eakin Community Park, south of Vienna,in the Eastern District of Virginia. For these dead drop sites,the KGB instructed "B" to load the dead drops by 9:00 pm on thedesignated day; the KGB would clear it by 10:00 pm and load itwith a package which "B" was to clear after 10:00 pm.

93. On July 31, 1988, the KGB received an envelope from "B"at an accommodation address in the Eastern District of Virginia.The envelope bore a return address of Alexandria and contained aletter dated July 29 and "B"'s seventh diskette ("D-7"), whichcontained information on technical surveillance systems, a newrecruitment in New York City, illegal intelligence, and severalother specific Soviet recruitment targets.

94. On August 22, 1988, the KGB deposited $50,000 in anescrow account for "B" at a Moscow bank.

95. On September 21, 1988, the KGB received an envelopefrom "B" at an accommodation address in the Eastern District ofVirginia. The envelope bore a return address of "Chicago" andwas postmarked "WDC" on September 20. The envelope contained"B"'s eighth diskette ("D-8") and a note that read: "At BOB".The diskette contained information about particular Sovietrecruitment targets of the FBI.

96. On Monday, September 26, 1988, "B" and the KGB carriedout an exchange operation at the "BOB" dead drop site.

The package from "B" contained approximately 300 pages ofmaterial, including an FBI memo about a particular individualbelieved at the time to be a KGB Line KR officer in New YorkCity, information on technical means of Soviet intelligence, atranscript of a Counterintelligence Group meeting, andinformation on several other matters.

The package from the KGB contained a diamond valued at$24,720, and a letter advising "B" that $50,000 had beendeposited in his account. The letter also expressed gratitude to"B" from the KGB Chairman (Vladimir A. Kryuchov). The letteralso discussed communications procedures, security measures, apersonal meeting, and passports. It also asked "B" to provideinformation about classified technical operations in the SovietUnion, agent network details, allies' sources, FBI programs, pastcases, and a certain missile technology.

97. On December 1, 1988, the KGB received a package from"B" at an accommodation address in the Eastern District ofVirginia. It bore a return address of "G. Robertson, Baker'sPhoto" and was postmarked "WDC" on November 30, 1988. Thepackage contained a letter and his ninth diskette ("D-9"), whichcontained information about a number of classified matters.

98. On Monday, December 26, 1988, "B" and the KGB carriedout an exchange operation at the "CHARLIE" dead drop site in theEastern District of Virginia.

The package from "B" contained his tenth diskette ("D-IO")and approximately 356 pages of material. On the diskette, "B"provided additional classified information. He also provided sixrecent National HUMINT Collection Plan (NHCP) documents, and adocument whose title the KGB noted as "Soviet Armed Forces andCapabilities for Conducting Strategic Nuclear War Until the Endof the 1990s."

The package from the KGB to "B" contained $10,000 cash, asecond diamond, valued at $17,748, and a message in which the KGBasked "B" for additional specific information about a widevariety of classified technical and recruitment matters.

The next day, the KGB observed that the signal at the"CHARLIE" site had been removed, indicating "B" had removed theKGB's package.

99. On Tuesday, January 31, 1989, the KGB observed anemergency call-out signal at a signal site that it had issued to"B", located at the intersection of Q Street and ConnecticutAvenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. By prearrangement, the KGBimmediately unloaded a package from "B" at the "BOB" dead dropsite. The package contained a cable, with a note reading: "Sendto the Center right away. This might be useful." Also in thepackage was "B"'s eleventh diskette ("D-ll"), which containedcomments on the cable, as well as information on several specificindividuals about whom the KGB had asked for information.

100. On Thursday, March 16, 1989, "B" marked a call-outsignal site that the KGB has issued to him, located at the TaftBridge in Northwest Washington, D.C.

101. On Monday, March 20, 1989, "B" and the KGB carried outan exchange operation at the "CHARLIE" dead drop site in theEastern District of Virginia.

"B" passed two packages to the KGB. One contained a TOPSECRET SCI document entitled "DCI Guidance for the NationalMASINT Intelligence Program (FY 1991-FY 2000)," prepared by theMeasurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) Committee anddated November 1988. The document bears the caveats NOFORN andNOCONTRACT, and contains the following preface:

Warning Notice
Intelligence Sources or Methods Involved
(WNINTEL)
NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION
Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctions
According to its Introduction, this document contains the MASINTCommittee's recommendations to the DCI for the collection,processing, and reporting of MASINT, and represents theIntelligence Community's consensus on specific MASINT objectivesand studies leading to needed capabilities. Its contents arehighly specific and technical. In passing this document to theKGB, "B" requested that it be returned.

The second package from "B" to the KGB contained his twelfthcomputer diskette ("D-12") and approximately 539 pages ofmaterials including classified information on a variety ofmatters.

The KGB package to "B" contained $18,000 cash and a thirddiamond, valued at $11,700. It also-contained a letter thatconfirmed the KGB had received "B"'s packages on December 26 andJanuary 31, discussed a personal meeting, requested new dead dropsites, and asked how to increase operational security. The KGBalso asked "B" about his security precautions for the diamonds.("B" told the KGB that he would say the diamonds came from hisgrandmother.) The KGB also asked for information about a widevariety of technical and operational subjects. The KGB thanked"B" for the information he provided on January 31, and asked him"for everything else that's possible."

On Tuesday, March 21, 1989, the KGB observed that the signalat "CHARLIE" had been removed, indicating that "B" had removedthe KGB's package.

102. On March 24, 1989, the KGB marked the "V" signal siteon Courthouse Road in Vienna, in the Eastern District ofVirginia, indicating that "B" should pick up a package at the"PARK/PRIME" dead drop site the following Monday. On Monday,March 27, 1989, the KGB loaded the dead drop with the MASINTdocument, for return to "B", but "B" did not clear the drop.

103. In April 1989, the KGB presented several awards toKGB officers involved in the "B" operation, including the highly-coveted Order of the Red Banner, the Order of the Red Star, andthe Medal for Excellent Service.

104. On Monday, May 22, 1989, after a call-out signal from"B", he and the KGB carried out an exchange operation at the"BOB" dead drop site, in the Eastern District of Virginia.

The package "B" passed to the KGB contained the first andthird diamonds the KGB had given to him and which "B" returnedfor cash, and his thirteenth diskette ("D-13") in which hesuggested an account in Switzerland and bonds to be transferredto it. The package also contained approximately 80 pages ofmaterial, including a document whose title the KGB noted as"National Intelligence Program 90-91." The diskette containedclassified information about a variety of technical andoperational matters.

"B" also provided information about United States ForeignOfficer Felix Bloch and an illegal in Vienna, Austria. Thisdisclosure compromised the FBI's then-ongoing espionageinvestigation of Bloch, as described below.

The package that the KGB passed to "B" on May 22, 1989, didnot contain a payment, but in a letter the KGB promised to do sothe next time. The KGB also returned the MASINT Committeedocument, and described its two prior failed efforts to returnit.

The next day, the KGB observed that the signal associatedwith the "BOB" dead drop site had been removed, indicating that"B" had retrieved the KGB's package.

105. Felix Bloch had been identified as an associate ofAustria-based known Soviet illegal Reino Gikman on the basis of atelephone call between them on April 27, 1989. One day later,the FBI opened a classified investigation of Bloch, who at thetime was assigned to the State Department in Washington, D.C.Meetings between Bloch and Gikman were observed in Paris on May14, 1989, and Brussels on May 28, 1989. In early June 1989,after "B" had compromised the Bloch investigation, Gikmansuddenly left for Moscow. Early on the morning of June 22, 1989,Bloch received a telephone call at his home in Washington, D.C.,from a man identifying himself as "Ferdinand Paul". According toa recording of that call, "Ferdinand Paul" told Bloch that he wascalling "in behalf of Pierre" who "cannot see you in the nearfuture" because "he is sick", and that "a contagious disease issuspected." (Bloch knew Gikman as "Pierre".) "Paul" then toldBloch: "I am worried about you. You have to take care ofyourself." Having concluded that this call alerted Bloch thathis association with Gikman had been compromised, the FBIinterviewed Bloch on June 22 and 23, 1989. Bloch denied he hadengaged in espionage and ultimately declined to answer anyfurther questions. The FBI was unable further to develop itsinvestigation of Bloch.

106. On Monday, August 7, 1989, after two call-out signalsfrom "B", he and the KGB carried out an exchange operation at the"CHARLIE" dead drop site in the Eastern District of Virginia.

In the package from "B" were five rolls of film containing ahighly-restricted TOP SECRET/SCI analysis of the foreign threatto a specific and named highly-compartmented United StatesGovernment program, dated May 1987.

Also in the package from "B" was his fourteenth diskette("D-14"), which contained information from the Bloch-Gikman file,and several FBI recruitment attempts. "B" approved a new deaddrop site the KGB had proposed, codenamed "DORIS", located undera footbridge in Canterbury Park in Springfield, Virginia, in theEastern District of Virginia.

The KGB's package to "B" contained $30,000 cash and a letterpromising to compensate him for the returned diamonds. The KGBrejected his suggestions for an account in Switzerland. The KGBdiscussed communications plans, and proposed a new dead dropsite, codenamed "ELLIS", under a footbridge over Wolftrap Creeknear Creek Crossing Road at Foxstone Park, near Vienna, Virginia,in the Eastern District of Virginia, with a signal site on the"Foxstone Park" sign.

The next day, the KGB observed that the signal associatedwith the "CHARLIE" dead drop site had been removed, indicatingthat "B" had retrieved the KGB's package.

107. On August 17, 1989, the KGB deposited $50,000 into anescrow account established for "B" in a Soviet bank in Moscow.

108. On Monday, September 25, 1989, "B" and the KGB carriedout an exchange operation at the "DORIS" dead drop site in theEastern District of Virginia.

The package from "B" to the KGB contained approximately 80pages of material including part of a document concerning ahighly-sensitive United States technical operation classified atthe TOP SECRET/SCI level. In passing this document, "B"compromised a program of enormous value, expense, and importanceto the United States. Also in the package was his fifteenthdiskette ("D-15"), containing additional classified information.

The package from the KGB to "B" contained $30,000 cash, aletter, and, for the first time from the KGB, a computerdiskette.

The next day, the KGB observed that the signal associatedwith the "CHARLIE" dead drop site had been removed, indicatingthat "B" had retrieved the KGB's package.

109. On October 2, 1989, the KGB received a letter from "B"at an accommodation address in the Eastern District of Virginia.It bore a return address of "G. Robertson, 1408 Ingeborg Ct.,McLean VA" and was postmarked "NO VA" on October 28, 1989. Theletter reported that: "The disk is clean. I tried all methods --completely demagnetized."

110. On October 17, 1989, the KGB received an envelope from"B" at an accommodation address, in the Eastern District ofVirginia. It bore a return address of "G. Robertson, 1101Kingston Ct., Houston, TX" and was postmarked "NO VA MSC 220" onOctober 16, 1989. The envelope contained "B"'s sixteenthdiskette ("D-16").

111. On Monday, October 23, 1989, "B" and the KGB carriedout an exchange operation at the "ELLIS" dead drop site in theEastern District of Virginia.

The package from "B" to the KGB contained an exact duplicateof the sixteenth diskette ("D-16"), which "B" had sent by mailthe week before. The diskette contained additional classifiedinformation about technical and recruitment matters. "B"requested the KGB to load the "ELLIS" dead drop site at any time,and advised that he would check the signal site periodicallyabout the loading.

The package from the KGB t.o "B" contained $55,000 cash and aletter advising "B" that $50,000 had been deposited into hisescrow account in Moscow. "B" never signaled that he had clearedthis dead drop, and on October 26 the KGB retrieved its package.

112. On Tuesday, October 31, 1989, the KGB loaded the"ELLIS" dead drop site with a package containing the $55,000 cashand a second KGB diskette. The diskette provided a newaccommodation address, and instructions to "B" on how to informthe KGB which materials should be opened by the KGB inWashington, D.C., and which should go to the Center. It conveyedregards from the KGB Chairman and made extensive requests foradditional information concerning particular United Statesintelligence activities targeting the Soviet Union. On November11, 1989, the KGB observed that the "ELLIS" signal site wasremoved, indicating that "B" had removed the KGB's package.

113. On Monday, December 25, 1989, after a call-out signalfrom "B", he and the KGB carried out an exchange operation at the"BOB" dead drop site in the Eastern District of Virginia.

The package from "B" to the KGB contained his seventeenthdiskette ("D-17") and several documents including a DCI NationalIntelligence Estimate entitled "The Soviet System in Crisis:Prospects for the Next Two Years" and dated November 1989. Thisdocument was classified SECRET, bore the caveats NOFORNNOCONTRACT WNINTEL, and contained the notice: "UnauthorizedDisclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctions." He also providedadditional documents on the highly sensitive technical operationreferred to above.

The diskette contained a message in which "B" complimentedthe KGB's efficient actions, and provided current informationabout: several ongoing FBI recruitment operations against Sovietintelligence officers; three new tightly-protected FBI sourceswithin the KGB and other Soviet entities; and four detectors. Healso provided updated information on the Bloch-Gikman matter.

The package from the KGB to "B" contained $38,000 cash aspayment for the October 16-23 period plus compensation for thetwo returned diamonds, and two KGB diskettes. The diskettescontained Christmas greetings from the KGB, discussedcommunications plans, and asked "B" for specific informationabout a variety of classified technical operations.

114. On Monday, March 5, 1990, after a call-out signal from"B", he and the KGB carried out an exchange operation at the"CHARLIE" dead drop site in the Eastern District of Virginia.

The package from "B" to the KGB contained his eighteenthdiskette ("D-18"), on which "B" provided classified informationon a wide variety of topics, including: four Soviet nationals, aKGB officer, a Soviet illegal, and two KGB detectors, who wereall serving as FBI-CIA sources; communications intelligenceoperations; and the identification of a particular named NSAemployee and the sensitive office in which the employee worked.The package also contained a 120-page document whose title,according to KGB records, was "Soviet Armed Forces and StrategicNuclear Capabilities for the 1990s," dated February 1990.

The package from the KGB contained $40,000 cash and a KGBdiskette. The diskette discussed communications plans and asked"B" to provide information on a wide variety of classifiedtechnical, operational, and recruitment matters. The KGB alsoasked "B" what the Soviets could use of the certain highlyclassified and sensitive program information he had previouslydisclosed.

115. On Monday, May 7, 1990, after a call-out signal from"B", he and the KGB carried out an exchange operation at the"DORIS" dead drop site in the Eastern District of Virginia.

The package from "B" to the KGB contained his nineteenthdiskette ("D-19") and approximately 232 pages of material,including another document on the tightly-compartmentedclassified program that was the subject of the document "B"passed to the KGB on August 7, 1989. "B" also gave the KGBpermission to use the certain highly classified and sensitiveprogram information he had previously disclosed.

"B" also advised that because of a promotion he would betraveling for one year, and he discussed communications plans anda method of renewing contact.

The package from the KGB to "B" contained $35,000 cash and aKGB diskette. The diskette contained communications plans, andidentified a new dead drop site, codenamed "FLO", located under afootbridge in Lewinsville Park near the intersection of WarnerAvenue and Westbury Road in McLean, Virginia, in the EasternDistrict of Virginia, and a nearby signal site. The diskettealso contained specific requests for information, includingoperational leads and materials on recruitments of Soviets. Itread, in part, as follows:

    Dear Friend:

    . . . . We attach some information requests whichwe ask Your kind assistance for. We are very cautiousabout using Your info and materials so that none of ouractions in no way causes [sic] no harm to Yoursecurity. With this on our mind we are asking thatsensitive materials and information (especially hot anddemanding some actions) be accompanied by some sort ofYour comments or some guidance on how we may or may notuse it with regard to Your security.
    We wish You good luck and enclose $35,000.
    Thank you.

    Sincerely,

      Your friends.
116. On or about May 17, 1990, the KGB received a letterand a diskette from "B" at an accommodation address in theEastern District of Virginia.

117. On Monday, May 21, 1990, the KGB loaded the "ELLIS"dead drop site with a package containing two KGB diskettes, andmarked a call-out signal for "B." "B" picked up the KGB'spackage, but did not leave one for the KGB.

The KGB diskettes contained a letter that discussed indetail communications plans and recontact procedures. It read,in part:

    Dear Friend:

    Congratulations on Your promotion. We wish You all thevery best in Your life and career.

    We appreciate Your sympathy for some difficulties ourpeople face - Your friendship and understanding arevery important to us. Of course You are right, nosystem is perfect and we do understand this.

    Speaking about the systems. We don't see any problemfor the system of our future communications in regardto this new circumstances of Yours. Though we can'tbut regret that our contacts may be not so regular asbefore, like You said.

    We believe our current commo plan - though neitherperfect - covers ruther [sic] flexibly Your needs: Youmay have a contact with us anytime You want afterstaying away as long as You have to. So, do Your newjob, make Your trips, take Your time. The commo planwe have will still be working. We'll keep covering theactive call out signal site no matter how long it'sneeded. And we'll be in a ready-to-go mode to comeover to the drop next in turn whenever You are ready:that is when You are back home and decide tocommunicate. All You'll have to do is to put Your callout signal, just as now. And You have two addresses touse to recontact us only if the signal sites for somereason don't work or can't be used. . . . But in anycase be sure: You may have a contact anytime becausethe active call out site is always covered according tothe schedule no matter how long you've been away. . . .

    Thank You and good luck.
    Sincerely,

      Your friends.

The KGB particularly asked "B" to "give us some good leads topossible recruitments" among "interesting people in the rightplaces." The KGB also asked for information about a SovietEmbassy employee who "B" had previously identified as an FBIrecruitment-in-place, and who the KGB believed was about todefect.

118. On August 20, 1990, the KGB received from "B" anenvelope, containing his twentieth diskette ("D-20"), at anaccommodation address in the Eastern District of Virginia. Theenvelope bore the return address "J. Baker, Box 1101, AlexandriaVA". The diskette contained classified information about severalmatters. "B" instructed the KGB to load the "FLO" dead drop siteon September 3, 1990.

119. On Monday, September 3, 1990, the KGB loaded the "FLO"dead drop site with a package containing $40,000 cash, and a KGBdiskette containing a letter which identified more call-outsignal sites and contained numerous specific requests forclassified information. The letter noted that some of thematerials "B" had provided about "political issues of interest .. . were reported to the very top." "B" subsequently picked upthe KGB's package.

120. On Saturday, February 2, 1991, in response to anemergency call-out signal from "B", the KGB retrieved a packagefrom "B" at the "CHARLIE" dead drop site in the Eastern Districtof Virginia. The package contained "B"'s twenty-first diskette("D-21"), which included a letter in which "B" acknowledgedreceipt of the $40,000, which he characterized as "too generous."He disclosed to the KGB that the FBI's chief ofcounterintelligence in the New York Field Office had told himthat the FBI had recruited a specific number of sources at aparticular Soviet establishment. "B" also advised that he wouldbe ready for an operation on February 18, 1991.

In exchange, the KGB left a package for "B" but he did notpick it up and the KGB later retrieved it.

121. On Monday, February 18, 1991, the KGB loaded the"CHARLIE" dead drop site with a package containing $10,000 cashand a KGB diskette. The diskette established two new dead dropsites, one of which was codenamed "GRACE" and located under afootbridge in Rock Creek Park in Washington, D.C. It also asked"B" to provide specific classified technical and operationalinformation, and instructed that the next contact would be at the"DORIS" dead drop site.

122. On Monday, April 15, 1991, in response to a call-outsignal from "B", he and the KGB carried out an exchange operationat the "DORIS" dead drop site in the Eastern District ofVirginia.

The package from "B" to the KGB contained his twenty-seconddiskette ("D-22") in which he confirmed receipt of cash. "B"also provided classified FBI material about a specificrecruitment operation about which the KGB had previously asked.The package from the KGB to "B" contained $10,000 and a KGBdiskette which read, in part, as follows:

    Dear Friend:

    Time is flying. As a poet said:

      "What's our life,
      If full of care
      You have no time
      To stop and stare?"
    You've managed to slow down the speed of Your runninglife to send us a message. And we appreciate it.

    We hope You're O'K and Your family is fine too. We aresure You're doing great at Your job. As before, we'llkeep staying alert to respond to any call from Youwhenever You need it.

    We acknowledge receiving one disk through CHARLIE. Onedisk of mystery and intrigue. Thank you.

    Not much a business letter this time. Justformalities. We consider Site-9 cancelled. And we aresure You remember: our next contact is due at ELLIS.

    Frankly, we are looking forward to JUNE. Every newseason brings new expectations.

    Enclosed in our today's package please find $10,000.Thank You for Your friendship and help.

    We attach some information requests. We hope You'll beable to assist us on them.

    Take care and good luck.
    Sincerely,

      Your friends.
The KGB asked "B" for information about several specificclassified matters, including United States IntelligenceCommunity plans to respond to domestic turmoil in the SovietUnion and new United States communications intelligence efforts.

123. On Monday, July 15, 1991, after a call-out signal from"B", he and the KGB carried out an exchange operation at the"ELLIS" dead drop site in the Eastern District of Virginia.

(Video) Mar-a-Lago Search Warrant Likely 'Exhaustive,' Unlike 'Any Other Affidavit In Recent Memory' At DOJ

The package from "B" to the KGB contained his twenty-thirddiskette ("D-23") and approximately 284 pages of material. Thediskette read, in part: "I returned, grabbed the first thing Icould lay my hands on" and " I was in a hurry so that you wouldnot worry, because June has passed, they held me there longer."He also noted that he had at least five years until retirement,and remarked: "Maybe I will hang in there for that long." "B"also reported on a particular FBI-CIA operation. The classifieddocuments passed by "B" included FBI documents, humanintelligence plans, and documents concerning nuclear and missileweapons proliferation.

The package from the KGB to "B" contained $12,000 cash and aKGB diskette reading, in part, as follows:

    Dear friend:

    Acknowledging the disk and materials . . . receivedthrough "DORIS" we also acknowledge again Your superbsense of humor and Your sharp-as-a-razor mind. Wehighly appreciate both.

    Don't worry. We will not steam out incorrectconclusions from Your materials. Actually, Yourinformation grately [sic] assisted us in seeing moreclearly many issues and we are not ashamed to correctour notions if we have some. So, thank You for Yourhelp. But if some of our requests seem a bit strangeto You, please try to believe us there were sufficientreasons to put them and that what we wanted was to sortthem out with Your help.

    In regard to our "memo" on Your security. Just onemore remark. If our natural wish to capitalize on Yourinformation confronts in any way Your securityinterests we definitely cut down our thirst for profitand choose Your security. The same goes with any otheraspect of Your case. That's why we say Your securitygoes first. . . .

    We are sure You remember our next contact is due at"FLO".

    As always we attach some information requests, whichare of current interest to us.

    We thank You and wish You the very best.

    Sincerely,

      Your friends.

    Enclosed in the package please find $12,000.

The KGB gave "B" new communications plans, and numerous specificrequests for classified technical, operational, and recruitmentmatters. The KGB also asked follow-up questions aboutinformation "B" had previously provided, and requested specificUnited States Intelligence Community activity towards the SovietUnion.

124. On Monday, August 19, 1991, after a call-out signalfrom "B", he and the KGB carried out an exchange operation at the"FLO" dead drop site in the Eastern District of Virginia.

The package from "B" to the KGB contained a recent FBImemorandum concerning specific methods of surveillance of aparticular Soviet intelligence officer. It also contained "B"'stwenty-fourth diskette ("D-24") on which he discussedcommunications plans and provided information about classifiedtechnical and operational matters. On this diskette, he alsodiscussed how the Soviet Union could benefit from a thoroughstudy of the period of Chicago' s history when the city wasgoverned by Mayor Richard J. Daley.

The package from the KGB to "B" contained $20,000 cash and amessage welcoming "B" back and advising that the next exchangewould be at the "GRACE" dead drop site.

125. On Monday, October 7, 1991, after a call-out signalfrom "B", he and the KGB carried out an exchange operation at the"GRACE" dead drop site in the Eastern District of Virginia.

The package from "B" to the KGB contained his twenty-fifthdiskette ("D-25") and a classified document entitled "The USDouble-Agent Program Management Review and PolicyRecommendations" dated September 10, 1991. On the diskette, "B"provided information about various classified recruitmentoperations. "B" also identified by name a particular "oldfriend" whom he suggested the KGB try to recruit; he explainedthat the man was a military officer who had recently been told hewould not be promoted.

The package from the KGB to "B" contained $12,000 cash and aKGB diskette reading, in part, as follows:

    Dear friend:

    Thanks for the package of 02.13. [The] materials arevery promising, we intend to work on the scenario sowisely suggested by You. And the magical history tourto Chicago was mysteriously well timed. Have You everthought of foretelling the things? After Yourretirement for instance in some sort of Your own"Cristall [sic] Ball and Intelligence Agency" (CBIA)?There are always so many people in this world eager toget a glimpse of the future.

    But now back to where we belong. There have been manyimportant developments in our country lately. So manythat we'd like to reassure You once again. Like wesaid: we've done all in order that none of those eventsever affects Your security and our ability to maintainthe operation with You. And of course there can be nodoubt of our commitment to Your friendship andcooperation which are too important to us to loose[sic]....

    Please note: our next contact is due at HELEN.

    Enclosed in the package please find $12,000 andattached as always are some information requests whichwe'd ask Your kind attention to.

    Thank You and good luck.

    Sincerely,

      Your friends.
The KGB provided new communications plans and asked "B" forspecific information about a variety of classified technical,operational, and analytical matters. The KGB also asked for thecurrent 1991 issue of a particular document reporting on Sovietknowledge of United States satellite reconnaissance systems,commenting that: "It's fun to read about the life in the Universeto understand better what's going on on our own planet." Askingabout some pages that appeared to be missing from "B"'s Julypackage, the KGB noted: "Sometimes it happens, we understand.Life is becoming too fast."

126. On December 12, 1991, the KGB received an envelopefrom "B" at an accommodation address in Alexandria, Virginia, inthe Eastern District of Virginia. The envelope, which wasaddressed by hand, bore a handwritten return address of "J.Baker, Box 1101, Houston, TX" and was postmarked Washington, D.C.The envelope contained a handwritten note reading: "— @ BOB on6/22; T. DEVICE APPROVED 6/16, COMING SOON". Using theestablished "6" coefficient, the reference to "6/22" actuallyrefers to December 16. The reference to "T. DEVICE" related toinformation "B" had previously passed to the KGB regarding aclassified technical operation.

127. On Monday, December 16, 1991, "B" and the KGB carriedout an exchange operation at the "BOB" dead drop site in theEastern District of Virginia.

The package from "B" to the KGB contained several documents,including:

    (A) A DCI Counterintelligence Center research paperentitled "The KGB's First Chief Directorate: Structure,Functions, and Methods," dated November 1990. The documentwas classified SECRET with the caveats NOFORN NOCONTRACTORCON. It also bore the following notices:
      WARNING NOTICE
      This document should be disseminated only topersons having both the requisite clearancesand a need to have access to its contents forperformance of their duties. No further distribution or reproduction is authorized withoutthe approval of the Associate Deputy Directorfor Operations for Counterintelligence, CIA.

    and

    National SecurityUnauthorized DisclosureInformationSubject to Criminal Sanctions

    (B) A current volume of the DCI Congressional BudgetJustification that detailed the programs and resource needsof the FBI's Foreign Counterintelligence Program. Thedocument was classified SECRET with the caveats NOFORNNOCONTRACT ORCON, and the warning: "Unauthorized DisclosureSubject to Criminal Sanctions."

    The package from "B" also contained his twenty-sixth diskette("D-26") in which he expressed embarrassment over the pagesmissing from his earlier package, and advised that he had beenpromoted to a position of increased salary and authority that hadmoved him temporarily out of direct responsibility for Sovietmatters. He noted that a new mission for his new group had notyet been defined, and he quoted a particular remark by GeneralPatton about the Japanese. "B" discussed communications plans,and provided information about various classified technical andoperational matters. He also proposed a new communicationssystem, in which he would set up an office at a location in townnot subject to electronic surveillance, where he and the KGBcould communicate directly using a computer that would bespecially-equipped with certain advanced technology.

    The package from the KGB to "B" contained $12,000 cash and aKGB diskette discussing communications plans and asking forspecific information about various classified matters.

    128. In one message to "B" the KGB warned him to: "Examinefrom the point of security Your practice of copying materials."

    129. On or before October 6, 1999, "B" received thefollowing letter from the SVR:

      Dear friend: welcome!

      It's good to know you are here. Acknowledgingyour letter to V. K. we express our sincere joy on theoccasion of resumption of contact with you. We firmlyguarantee you for a necessary financial help. Note,please, that since our last contact a sum set aside foryou has risen and presents now about 800.000 dollars.This time you will find in a package 50.000 dollars.Now it is up to you to give a secure explanation of it.

      As to communication plan, we may have need of sometime to work out a secure and reliable one. This whywe suggest to carry on the 13th of November at the samedrop which you have proposed in your letter to V. K. Weshall be ready to retrieve your package from DD since20:00 to 21:00 hours on the 12th of November after wewould read you [sic] signal (a vertical mark of whiteadhesive tape of 6-8 cm length) on the post closestto Wolf trap Creek of the "Foxstone Park" sign. Weshall fill our package in and make up our signal (ahorizontal mark of white adhesive tape).

      After you will clear the drop don't forget toremove our tape that will mean for us - exchange isover.

      We propose a new place where you can put a signalfor us when in need of an urgent DD operation.LOCATION: the closest to Whithaven [sic] Parkway woodenelectricity utility pole at the south-west corner of T-shaped intersection of Foxhall Road and WhitehavenParkway (map of Washington, DC, page 9, grid Bll). Atany working day put a white thumb tack (I cm indiameter, colored sets are sold at CVS) into theNorthern side of the pole at the height of about 1.2yards. The tack must be seen from a car going downFoxhall Road. This will mean for us that we shallretrieve your package from the DD Foxstone Park at theevening of the nex [sic] week's Tuesday (when it'sgetting dark).

      In case of a threatening situation of any kind puta yellow tack at the same place. This will mean thatwe shall refrain from any communication with you untilfurther notice from your side (the white tack).

      We also propose for your consideration a new DDsite "Lewis". DD LOCATION: wooden podium in theamphitheatre of Long-branch Nature Center (map ofN.Virginia, page 16, grid G8). The package should beput under the FAR-LEFT corner of the podium (whenfacing the podium). Entter [sic] Longbranch NatureCenter at the sign from Carlin Springs Road (near 6thRoad south) and after parking your car in the lotfollow the sign "To Amphitheatre." LOCATION OF THE DDSIGNAL: a wooden electricity utility pole at the north-west corner of the intersection of 3d Street and CarlinSprings Road neaqr [sic] the Metrobus stop (the samemap, grid F7). The signals are the same as in the"Foxstone Park" DD. The white adhesive tape should beplaced on the NORTHERN side of the pole, so that itcould be noticed fro [sic] a car moving along CarlinSprings Road in the southern direction from Route 50.

      Please, let us know during the November operationof your opinion on the proposed places (the new signaland DD "Lewis").

      We are intending to pass you a permanentcommunications plan using drops you know as well a newportion of money. For our part we are very interestedto get from you any information about possible actionswhich may threaten us.

      Thank you. Good luck to you. Sincerely,

        Your friends.
    The initials "V. K." are those of a known SVR Line KR seniorofficer in Washington, D.C.

    130. On or before March 14, 2000, "B" wrote a letter to theSVR, reading, in part, as follows:

      .... I have come about as close as I ever want to cometo sacrificing myself to help you, and I get silence.I hate silence. . . .

      Conclusion: One might propose that I am either insanelybrave or quite insane. I'd answer neither. I'd say,insanely loyal. Take your pick. There is insanity inall the answers.

      I have, however, come as close to the edge as I canwithout being truly insane. My security concerns haveproven reality-based. I'd say, pin your hopes on'insanely loyal' and go for it. Only I can lose.

      I decided on this course when I was 14 years old. I'dread Philby's book. Now that is insane, eh! My onlyhesitations were my security concerns underuncertainty. I hate uncertainty. So far I have judgedthe edge correctly. Give me credit for that.

      Set the signal at my site any Tuesday evening. I willread your answer. Please, at least say goodbye. It'sbeen a long time my dear friends, a long and lonelytime.

      Ramon Garcia

    131. On or before June 8, 2000, "B" wrote a letter to theSVR which read, in part, as follows:
      Dear Friends:

      Administrative Issues:

      Enclosed, once again, is my rudimentary cipher.Obviously it is weak in the manner I used it last --reusing key on multiple messages, but I wanted to giveyou a chance if you had lost the algorythm [sic].

      Thank you for your note. It brought me great joy tosee the signal at last. As you implied and I havesaid, we do need a better form of secure communication-- faster. In this vein, I propose (without beingattached to it) the following:

      One of the commercial products currently available isthe Palm VII organizer. I have a Palm III, which isactually a fairly capable computer. The VII versioncomes with wireless internet capability built in. Itcan allow the rapid transmission of encrypted messages,which if used on an infrequent basis, could be quiteeffective in preventing confusions if the existance[sic] of the accounts could be appropriately hidden aswell as the existance [sic] of the devices themselves.Such a device might even serve for rapid transmittal ofsubstantial material in digital form. Your FAPSI couldreview what would be needed, its advisability, etc.,obviously -- particularly safe rules of use. WhileFAPSI may move with the rapidity of the Chinese army,they can be quite effective, in juggernaut fashion,that is to say thorough. . . .

      New topics:

      If you are wise, you will reign [sic] in the GRU. Theyare causing no end of grief. But for the large numberof double-agents they run, there would be almost noability to cite activity warranting current foreigncounterintelligence outlays. Of course the Gusevaffair didn't help you any. If I'd had bettercommunications I could have prevented that. I wasaware of the fact that microphones had been detected atthe State Department. (Such matters are why I needrapid communications. It can save you much grief.)Many such things are closely held, but that closenessfails when the need for action comes. Then thecompartments grow of necessity. I had knowledge weeksbefore of the existence of devices, but not the countryplacing them. . . . I only found out the gruesomedetails too late to warn you through available meansincluding the colored stick-pin call. (Which by theway I doubted would work because of your ominoussilence.) Very frustrating. This is one reason I say'you waste me' in the note. . . .

      The U.S. can be errantly likened to a powerfully builtbut retarded child, potentially dangerous, but young,immature and easily manipulated. But don't be fooledby that appearance. It is also one which can turningenius [sic] quickly, like an idiot savant, onceconvinced of a goal. The [ ] Japanese (to quoteGeneral Patten [sic] once again) learned this to theirdismay....

      I will not be able to clear TOM on the first back-update so don't be surprised if we default to that andyou find this then. Just place yours again thefollowing week, same protocol.

      I greatly appreciate your highly professional inclusionof old references to things known to you in messagesresulting from the mail interaction to assure me thatthe channel remains unpirated. This is not lost on me.

      On Swiss money laudering [sic], you and I both know itis possible but not simple. And we do both know thatmoney is not really 'put away for you' except in somevague accounting sense. Never patronize at this levelIt offends me, but then you are easily forgiven. Butperhaps I shouldn't tease you. It just gets me introuble.

      thank you again,

      Ramon

    132. On or before July 31, 2000, "B" received the followingletter from the KGB/SVR:
      Dear Ramon:

      We are glad to use this possibility to thank Youfor Your striving for going on contact with us.

      We received Your message. The truth is that weexpended a lot of efforts to decipher it.

      First of all we would like to emphasize that allwell known events wich [sic] had taken place in thiscountry and in our homeland had not affected ourresources and we reaffirm our strong intentions tomaintain and ensure safely our long-term cooperationwith You.

      We perceive Your actions as a manifestation ofYour confidence in our service and from our part weassure You that we shall take all necessary measures toensure Your personal security as much as possible.

      Just because proceeding from our golden rule - toensure Your personal security in the first place - wehave proposed to carry out our next exchange operationat the place which had been used in last august [sic].We did not like to give You any occasion to charge uswith an inadequate attention to problems of Yoursecurity. We are happy that, according to the versionYou have proposed in Your last letter, our suggestionsabout DD, known as "Ellis", coincided completely.However a situation around our collegues [sic] at theend of passed [sic] year made us to refuse thisoperation at set day.

      1. We thank You for information, wnich [sic] isof a great interest for us and highly evaluated in ourservice.

      We hope that during future exchanges we shallreceive Your materials, which will deal with a [sic]work of IC, the FBI and CIA in the first place, againstour representatives and officers. We do mean itshuman, electronic and technical penetrations in ourresidencies here and in other countries. We are veryinterested in getting of the objective information onthe work of a special group which serches [sic] "mole"in CIA and FBI. We need this information especially totake necessary additional steps to ensure Your personalsecurity....

      2. Before staling a communication plan that wepropose for a next future, we would like to precise[sic] a following problem. Do You have any possibilityto meet our collegues [sic] or to undertake theexchange ops in other countries? If yes, what arethese countries? Until we receive Your answer at this[sic] questions and set up a new communication plan, wepropose to use for the exchange ops DD according to thefollowing schedule:

      = DD "LEWIS" on 27 of may 2001 (with a coefficientit will mean on 21 of november 2000). We draw Yourattention on the fact that we used a former coefficient- 6 (sender adds, addressee subtracts). A time will beshown at real sense. We will be ready to withdraw Yourpackage beginning by 8 PM on 27 may 2001 after we shallread Your signal. After that we put DD our package forYou. Remove Your signal and place our signal by 9 PMof the same day. After that You will withdraw ourpackage and remove our signal. That will mean anexchange operation is over. We shall check signal site(i.e., its absence) the next day (28 of May) till 9 PM.If by this time a signal had not been removed we shallwithdraw our package and shall put it in for Yourepeatedly dates with DD "ELLIS" — in each seven daysafter 28 May till 19 of June 2001 (i.e., 13 of December2000).

      = We propose to carry out our next operation on 16of October 2001 (i.e., 10 of April) at the DD "LINDA"in "Round Tree park" (if this place suits for Your[sic] we would like to receive Your oppinion [sic]about that during exchange in may). A time ofoperation from 8 pm to 9 pm, signals and schedule ofalternate dates are the same. In the course ofexchange ops we shall pass to You descriptions of newDD and SS that You can check them before. You willfind with this letter descriptions of two new DD"LINDA" and "TOM". Hope to have Your opinion aboutthem.

      In case of break off in our contacts we propose touse DD "ELLIS", that you indicated in your firstmessage. Your note about a second bridge across thestreet from the 'F' sign, as back up, is approved. Wepropose to use "ELLIS" once a year on 12 August (i.e.,with coeff. it will be 18 February) at the same time asit was in August 1999. On that day we can carry out afull exchange operation -- You will enload your packageand put a signal, we shall withdraw it, load ourpackage and put our signal. You will remove ourpackage and put your signal. Alternate dates - inseven days 'til next month.

      = As it appears from your message, you continue touse post channel as a means of communication with us.You know very well our negative attitude toward thismethod. However if you send by post a short note wheredate (i.e., with coefficient), time and name of DD forurgent exchange are mentioned, you could do it by usingaddress you had used in September (i.e., with coeff.)putting in a sealed envelope for V. K.

      In future, it is inexpedient to use a V. K. name asa sender. It will be better to choose any well knownname in this country as you did it before.

      3. We shall continue work up [sic] new variantsof exchanging messages including PC disks. Of coursewe shall submit them to your approval in advance. Ifyou use a PC disk for next time, please give us keynumbers and program you have used.

      4. We would like to tell you that aninsignificant number of persons know about you, yourinformation and our relationship.

      5. We assess as very risky to transfer money in Zurichbecause now it is impossible to hide its origin...

    133. On or before November 17, 2000, "B" wrote a letter tothe KGB/SVR, reading, in part, as follows:
      Dear Friends:

      Bear with me. It was I who sent the message trying touse TOM to communicate material to you. On reflection,I can understand why you did not respond. I see that Ifailed to furnish you sufficient information for you torecognize that the message you left for me in ELLIS didnot go astray. You do this often (communicate suchassurances through the mention of items like the olddate offset we used), and believe me, it is not lost onme as a sign of professionalism. I say bear with me onthis because you must realize I do not have a staffwith whom to knock around all the potentialdifficulties. (For me breaks in communications aremost difficult and stressful.) Recent changes in U.S.law now attach the death penalty to my help to you asyou know, so I do take some risk. On the other hand, Iknow far better than most what minefields are laid andthe risks. Generally speaking you overestimate theFBI's capacity to interdict you, but on the other hand,cocksure officers, (those with real guts and not asmuch knowledge as they think) can, as we say, step inan occasional cowpie. (Message to the translator: Gota good word for cowpie in Russian?? Clue, don'tblindly walk behind cows.). . . .

      I have drawn together material for you now over alengthy period. It is somewhat variable in import.Some were selected as being merely instructive ratherthan urgently important. I think such instructiveinsights often can be quite as valuable or even morevaluable long-term because they are widely applicablerather than narrow. Others are of definite valueimmediately.

      My position has been most frustrating. I knew Mr.Gusev was in eminent [sic] danger and had no effectiveway of communicating in time. I knew microphones of anunknown origin were detected even earlier and had noregular way of communicating even that. This needs tobe rectified if I am to be as effective as I can be.

      No one answered my signal at Foxhall. Perhaps youoccasionally give up on me. Giving up on me is amistake. I have proven inveterately loyal and willingto take grave risks which even could cause my death,only remaining quiet in times of extreme uncertainty.So far my ship has successfully navigated the slingsand arrows of outrageous fortune.

      I ask you to help me survive. . . .

      On meeting out of the country, it simply is notpractical for me. I must answer too many questionsfrom family, friends, and government plus it is acardinal sign of a spy. You have made it that waybecause of your policy. Policies are constraints,constraints breed patterns. Patterns are noticed.Meeting in this country is not really that hard tomanage, but I am loath to do so not because it is riskybut because it involves revealing my identity. Thatinsulation has been my best protection against betrayalby someone like me working from whatever motivation, aBloch or a Philby. (Bloch was such a shnook. . . . Ialmost hated protecting him, but then he was yourfriend, and there was your illegal I wanted to protect.If our guy sent to Paris had balls or brains both wouldhave been dead meat. Fortunately for you he hadneither. He was your good luck of the draw. He wasthe kind who progressed by always checking with thoseabove and tying them to his mistakes. The French said,"Should we take them down?" He went all wet. He'dnever made a decision before, why start then. It wasthat close. His kindred spirits promoted him. Thingsare the same the world over, eh?)

      On funds transfers through Switzerland, I agree thatSwitzerland itself has no real security, but insulatedby laundering on both the in and out sides, mineultimately through say a corporation I control loaningmortgage money to me for which (re) payments aremade.... It certainly could be done. Cash is hard tohandle here because little business is ever really donein cash and repeated cash transactions into the bankingsystem are more dangerous because of the difficulty inexplaining them. That doesn't mean it isn't welcomeenough to let that problem devolve on me. (We shouldall have such problems, eh?) How do you propose I getthis money put away for me when I retire? (Come on; Ican joke with you about it. I know money is not reallyput into an account at MOST Bank, and that you arespeaking figuratively of an accounting notation at bestto be made real at some uncertain future. We do thesame. Want me to lecture in your 101 course in my oldage? My college level Russian has sunk low throughinattention all these years; I would be a noveltyattraction, but I don't think a practical one except inextremis.)

      So good luck. Wish me luck. OK, on all sites detailedto date, but TOM'S signal is unstable. See you in'July' as you say constant conditions.

      yours truly,

      Ramon

    134. On the evening of Tuesday, December 12, 2000, FBIsurveillance personnel observed HANSSEN driving four times pastthe Foxstone Park sign on Creek Crossing Road in Vienna,Virginia. As described above, the Foxstone Park sign is thesignal site associated with the "ELLIS" dead drop site, which wasused from early on in the KGB's "B" operation.

    135. Also on the evening of Tuesday, December 12, 2000, FBIsurveillance personnel observed HANSSEN walking into a particularstore at a shopping center near Foxstone Park at the same time asa known SVR officer was in front of the store.

    136. On Tuesday, December 26, 2000, FBI surveillancepersonnel observed HANSSEN three times at the Foxstone Parksignal site:

      a) At approximately 5:42 pm, HANSSEN stopped hisvehicle in front of the Foxstone Park sign for approximatelyten to fifteen seconds.

      b) At approximately 8:53 pm, HANSSEN parked his car ona street off Creek Crossing Road and walked to the FoxstonePark signal site. HANSSEN stopped in front of the FoxstonePark sign, holding a lit flashlight, and swept theflashlight beam in a vertical motion over some wooden pylonslocated near the sign, between the road and the sign. Heappeared to the FBI surveillance personnel to focus hisflashlight beam on one of the pylons. He then turned andwalked away, shrugging his shoulders and raising his arms ina gesture of apparent disgust or exasperation. HANSSENreturned to his vehicle, and drove away to a nearby TowerRecords store.

      (Video) Florida Judge Orders DOJ To Redact Trump Search Warrant Affidavit

      c) At approximately 9:32 pm, HANSSEN drove back pastthe Foxstone Park signal site, stopped his vehicle in frontof it for approximately two to three seconds, and then droveaway.

    137. During January 2001, FBI surveillance personnelobserved HANSSEN drive past the Foxstone Park signal site, andeither slowing or stopping at the site, on three occasions. Atapproximately 8:18 pm on Tuesday, January 9, 2001, HANSSEN drovepast the Foxstone Park signal site, came to a complete stop infront of it for approximately 10 seconds, then drove away.Shortly before 6:00 pm on Tuesday, January 23, 2001, HANSSENdrove past the Foxstone Park signal site, came to a rolling stopnear it, and then drove away. After 5:00 pm on Friday, January26, 2001, HANSSEN drove past the Foxstone Park signal site,slowing down near it.

    138. On the evening of Monday, February 5, 2001, FBIsurveillance personnel observed HANSSEN driving past the FoxstonePark signal site three times between approximately 5:37 pm andapproximately 7:44 pm.

    139. On Monday, February 12, 2001, FBI surveillancepersonnel checking the "LEWIS" dead drop site found a packageconcealed at the site. FBI personnel removed the package andtransported it to the FBI Laboratory, where it was opened, itscontents were examined and photocopied, and it was restored to anapparently intact condition. The package was then replaced atthe dead drop site. The package contained $50,000 in used $100bills and a typed note reading: "Next 10/31/01 TOM alt. 20,27".These were wrapped in white paper, which was taped, and which inturn was wrapped in a taped-up black plastic trash bag inside asecond black plastic trash bag.

    VI. FACTS ESTABLISHING THAT "B" IS ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN

    There is overwhelming evidence that "B" is ROBERT PHILIPHANSSEN.

    A. FORENSIC EVIDENCE

    140. When "B" made dead drops to the KGB/SVR, he wouldplace the contents of the drop in a plastic garbage bag, which hewould wrap with tape. The plastic bag would then be placedinside a second garbage bag. The FBI has come into possession ofthe inner plastic bag used by "B" on one occasion to wrap thecontents of a package to the KGB.

    141. An FBI fingerprint examiner has conducted anexamination of the plastic bag and ascertained that it containstwo latent fingerprints of comparison value. The examinerdetermined that these two fingerprints are those of ROBERT PHILIPHANSSEN.

    B. MATERIAL OBTAINED FROM HANSSEN'S FBI OFFICE AND VEHICLE

    142. On February 5, 2001, pursuant to court authorization,the FBI searched HANSSEN's current personal office within Room9930 at FBI Headquarters. HANSSEN's briefcase, located in theoffice, contained (1) HANSSEN's current valid United Statestourist passport; (2) a personal address book; (3) severalpersonal checkbooks; (4) multiple sets of financial statements;(5) one computer floppy disk; (6) one 8MB Versa Card Flash MemoryAdapter, which is a memory storage card for a computer; (7) onecell phone. These items were photographed, duplicated, orotherwise recorded, but not removed or altered. Uponexamination, the FBI determined that the memory storage cardcontained several letters associated with the "B" operation,which are further described elsewhere in this Affidavit. Thatthese letters were found in HANSSEN's possession is clear andunequivocal evidence that HANSSEN is "B".

    143. On January 30, 2001, pursuant to court authorization,the FBI searched HANSSEN's Ford Taurus automobile, and found thefollowing:

      (1) In the glove compartment were a roll of white Johnson &Johnson medical adhesive tape, and a box of Crayola coloredchalk containing 12 pieces of chalk.

      (2) In one of four cardboard boxes in the trunk were sevenclassified documents printed from the FBI's Automated CaseSupport (ACS) system. Several pertained to ongoing FBIforeign counterintelligence investigations and wereclassified SECRET.

      (3) In another cardboard box in the trunk were six greenfabric-covered United States government ledger notebooks,containing classified information.

      (4) Also in the trunk were a roll of Superior PerformanceScotch clear mailing tape, and dark-colored Hefty garbagebags.

    These items were not removed, although small samples were taken,and they were photographed.

    144. On February 12, 2001, pursuant to court authorization,the FBI again searched HANSSEN's Ford Taurus automobile. Inaddition to the items described in part (1) of the foregoingparagraph, the glove compartment contained a small plastic boxcontaining thumbtacks of various colors, including yellow andwhite. It was further ascertained that at least one of thepieces of chalk was pink. These items were not removed, althoughsmall samples were taken, and they were photographed. Duringthis search, HANSSEN's briefcase was observed in the vehicle, butit was not removed.

    C. RECORDING OF TELEPHONE CONVERSATION

    145. On August 18, 1986, KGB Officer Aleksander Fefelovspoke by telephone with "B". A portion of that telephone call,lasting approximately two minutes, was recorded. Two FBIanalysts, who have worked closely and routinely with HANSSEN forat least five years, have listened to both the recording and anFBI-enhanced version of the recording in which background noisehas been minimized. They have both concluded without reservationthat the voice of "B" is that of HANSSEN.

    D. DEAD DROP SITES

    146. There is a particularly clear correlation betweenHANSSEN's personal residence in Northern Virginia and two deaddrop sites used frequently in the "B" operation.

    147. In 1985, when "B" volunteered to the KGB, HANSSENlived on Whitecedar Court, in Vienna, Virginia. The first deaddrop site selected by "B" was Nottoway Park, which was less thana five minute walk from Whitecedar Court. Between 1985 and 1989,the Nottoway Park site was used for dead drops so frequently - 17times - that it was designated by the KGB as the "PARK/PRIME"dead drop site.

    148. In November 1985, the Whitecedar Court house was soldand HANSSEN moved to New York to undertake his new assignment inthe New York Field Office. He returned to FBI Headquarters inAugust 1987, and moved into a home at 9414 Talisman Drive,Vienna, Virginia, which he had bought in July 1987.

    149. In August 1989, the KGB designated drop site "ELLIS,"located near Foxstone Park in Vienna, Virginia. The frequent useof this site -- at least seven times -- suggests that "B" livedvery close to the site or passed it routinely. A furtherindication of this is that "B" told the KGB in October 1989 thatthe KGB could use the "ELLIS" site at any time. In fact, the"ELLIS" site is an approximately one-mile walk from HANSSEN'sTalisman Drive residence.

    E. PALM III

    150. HANSSEN owns a Palm III device which is a hand-heldpersonal digital assistant. The FBI has determined thatHANSSEN's Palm III contains a reference to "ELLIS" and the dateFebruary 18, and the time 8:00. The term "ELLIS" is the KGB/SVRcodename for the dead drop site located in the area of FoxstonePark that was used seven times by either "B", the KGB/SVR, orboth.

    F. CORRELATION OF HANSSEN'S WORK ASSIGNMENTS TO "B"'sDISCLOSURES TO THE KGB/SVR

    151. "B"'s first letter to the KGB was postmarked in PrinceGeorge's County, Maryland, on Tuesday, October 1, 1985. Althoughat that time HANSSEN had recently been re-assigned to New YorkCity, FBI records show that on that particular day he was inWashington, D.C., on administrative matters. Prince George'sCounty is located on the route between Washington, D.C., and NewYork City.

    152. In May 1990, "B" told the KGB that, due to apromotion, he would be traveling more and his access to materialswould be limited. In May 1990, HANSSEN was reassigned from theSoviet Analytical Unit in the Intelligence Division to theInspection Division at FBI Headquarters. An Inspection Divisionassignment is a typical feature of an FBI supervisory agent'scareer path and requires frequent travel to FBI field offices forinspections. While serving in this assignment, HANSSEN traveledfrequently from June 1990 through June 1991 to conductinspections in various FBI offices.

    153. On July 15, 1991, "B" indicated to the KGB that he had"returned" from a trip. The KGB responded on August 15, 1991with a message welcoming him back and noting that "it's great foryou to touch the green, green grass o£ home." HANSSEN returnedon May 24, 1991 from a lengthy overseas inspection tour.

    154. On December 16, 1991, "B" told the KGB that he had "anincrease in salary and authority [which] moved him temporarilyout of direct responsibility, but a new mission for my new grouphas not been fully defined" and that "I hope to adjust to that .. . . As General Patton said . . . 'let's get this over with sowe can go kick the [ ] out of the [ ] Japanese." (He quotedthe same reference to Japanese in the letter he wrote to the SVRon or before June 8, 2000.) At that time, HANSSEN was preparingto assume new duties as Chief of the new National Security ThreatList Unit at FBI Headquarters, where he focused the Unit'scounterintelligence efforts on economic espionage. This newassignment resulted in an increase in salary (from GS-14 to GS-15) and authority (Unit Chief). Several FBI employees recallthat HANSSEN frequently quoted General Patton, and one employeewho worked closely with HANSSEN specifically remembers HANSSENonce using the above-mentioned Patton quote in a discussion withhim.

    155. In February 1988, "B" told the KGB that he could readthe Viktor Sheymov file because a special project relating toSheyrnov was about to begin. At that time, HANSSEN was reviewingthe Sheyrnov file in preparation for his participation in upcomingIntelligence Community debriefings of Sheymov.

    156. Throughout the "B" operation, "B" reported onSheymov's defection. HANSSEN took particular interest in theSheymov case and developed a personal friendship with Sheymov.Recently, in fact, HANSSEN told FBI co-workers that he wasconsidering an offer of lucrative employment by Sheymov afterretirement in April 2001.

    157. On August 19, 1991, "B" passed detailed information tothe KGB on FBI coverage of a particular suspected Sovietintelligence officer. On July 1, 1991, HANSSEN returned to theIntelligence Division at FBI Headquarters (after his tour of dutyon the Inspection Staff) and became the Headquarters Supervisorresponsible for FBI coverage of this suspected Sovietintelligence officer.

    158. In his assignment to CI-3A, the FBI's SovietAnalytical Unit, HANSSEN had access to an extremely broad arrayof highly classified material. The FBI has determined thatHANSSEN's access to classified material is consistent with "B"'sdisclosure of classified material to the KGB/SVR.

    159. During two extended periods when "B" was inactive,from November 1985 to June 1986, and August 1986 to August 1987,HANSSEN was assigned to the FBI's Field Office in New York City.

    160. In July 1991, "B" told the KGB that he had at leastfive more years until retirement. HANSSEN was eligible forretirement from the FBI in 1996.

    G. HANSSEN'S USE OF THE FBI AUTOMATED CASE SUPPORT SYSTEM

    161. The Automated Case Support System (ACS) is the FBI'scollected computerized databases of investigative files andindices. ACS came online in October 1995.

    The main, and most extensive ACS database, is the ElectronicCase File (ECF), which contains electronic communications andcertain other documents related to ongoing FBI investigations,programs, and issues, and the indices to those documents. It isthe equivalent of a closed FBI intranet. ACS users can accessindividual files by making full-text search requests forparticular words or terms.

    162. FBI personnel who are "approved users" of ACS,including HANSSEN, must log on with a user identification numberand password unique to each user. Retrieval logs make itpossible to conduct audits of individuals' use of ACS.

    163. An audit of HANSSEN's use of ACS shows that he hasbeen a consistent user of ECF in particular, and that heperiodically conducted searches of the ECF database using a widevariety of very specific search terms. Although some ofHANSSEN's ACS use appears to have been related to his officialresponsibilities, he made a substantial number of ACS searchesapparently directly related to his own espionage activities.Through these searches, HANSSEN could retrieve certain FBIrecords that would indicate whether HANSSEN or his KGB/SVRassociates, or their activities or operational locations, wereknown to or suspected by the FBI, and thus whether he was exposedto danger.

    For example, on the following dates HANSSEN searched the ECFfor the following terms, limiting some of the searches to aspecified period of time as indicated:

      July 25, 1997:HANSSENMarch 30, 1998:DEAD DROP AND KGBMay 18, 1998:DEAD DROPDEAD DROP AND RUSSIAJuly 6, 1998:DEAD DROPDEAD DROP AND WASHINGTONFISA AND CELL PHONEHANSSENJuly 30, 1998:9414 TALISMANDEADDEAD DROPDEAD DROP AND WASHINGTONDOUBLE DHANSSENROBERT P. HANSSENSeptember 3, 1998:ROBERT HANSSENROBERT P HANSSENROBERT P. HANSSENSeptember 21, 1998:'DEAD DROP''DEAD DROP' AND RUSSIAOctober 13, 1998:DEAD DROPDEAD DROP [Dates=08/01/1998-10/13/1998October 27, 1998:'DEAD DROP''DEAD DROP' AND WASHINGTON'DEAD DROP' WASHINGTONDecember 14, 1998:DEAD DROPDEAD DROP AND WASHINGTONApril 7, 1999:DROP SITEDROP SITE AND RUSSIAApril 12, 1999:ROBERT HANSSENTALISMANTALISMAN DRIVEWHITE CEDARWHITECEDAR COURTAugust 11, 1999:CCTV AND VIRGINIACCTV AND VIRGINIA[Dates=01/01/1999-08/11/1999FOXSTONEAugust 17, 1999:DEAD DROP[Dates=01/01/1999-08/17/1999August 30, 1999:DEAD DROPDEAD DROP[Dates=07/01/1999-08/30/1999September 2, 1999:CCTVCCTV AND SVR'DEAD DROP' AND SVR'DEAD DROP' SVRSeptember 28, 1999:DROP SITEDROP SITE[Dates=10/01/1999-10/21/1999TALISMANOctober 21, 1999:DEAD DROP[Dates=10/01/1999-10/21/1999October 26, 1999:VIENNA AND VIRGINIAVIENNA AND VIRGINIA AND FCI [Dates=01/01/1999-10/27/1999]October 27, 1999:DEAD DROP [Dates=1/09/1999-1/28/1999November 3, 1999:FOXSTONEFOXSTONE AND VIENNAVIENNA AND DROPVIENNA AND DROP AND FCI[Dates=01/01/1999-ll/4/1999VIENNA AND DROP[Dates=01/06/1999-03/11/1999]November 15, 1999:DEAD DROP AND VIRGINIAFOXSTONEJanuary 13, 2000:DEAD DROP[Dates=01/01/2000-01/13/2000DEAD DROP [Dates=10/01/1999-12/31/1999January 18, 2000:DROP SITE AND VIRGINIASVR AND DEAD DROP NOT GRUMarch 14, 2000:DEAD DROP AND SVRMarch 31, 2000:DEAD DROPDEAD DROP AND RUSSIAMay 22, 2000:TALISMAN DRIVESeptember 28, 2000:DEAD DROP AND WASHINGTONOctober 4, 2000:DROP SITE[Dates=08/01/2000-10/04/2000November 13, 2000:DEAD DROP[Dates=10/01/2000-ll/13/2000December 21, 2000:DEAD DROP [Dates=10/01/2000-12/22/2000ESPIONAGE [Dates=11/01/2000-12/21/2000January 3, 2001:ROBERT HANSSENJanuary 16, 2001:DEAD DROP[Dates=12/01/2000-01/15/2001ESPIONAGE [Dates=12/01/2000-01/15/2001January 19, 2001:DEAD DROP[Dates=12/01/2000-01/18/2001January 22, 2001:DEAD DROP[Dates=01/01/2000-01/12/2001DEAD DROP[Dates=12/01/2000-01/22/2001DEADDROP[Dates=01/01/2000-01/22/2001FOXSTONE
      H. "B"'S "OLD FRIEND"

      164. In 1991, "B" proposed that the KGB consider recruitinga particular named individual who he described as an "oldfriend." HANSSEN had been friends with this individual sinceHANSSEN was a teenager.

      VII. LOCATION OF EVIDENCE, FRUITS, INSTRUMENTALITIES,. ANDPROCEEDS

      165. Based on my training and experience, and that of otherFBI personnel with whom I have consulted, and on my participationin this investigation, I know that:

      166. Persons who have engaged in espionage activities onbehalf of foreign intelligence services maintain records, notes,bank records, financial statements, calendars, journals, maps,instructions, classified documents, and other papers or documentsrelating to the transmittal of national defense and classifiedintelligence information to foreign governments and intelligenceservices. Such records, notes, bank records, financialstatements, calendars, journals, maps, instructions, classifieddocuments, and other papers or documents are maintained, albeitoften secreted, on their persons, in and around their residences,at their places of employment, in home and office computers, intheir automobiles, and in other remote locations such as safedeposit boxes and storage facilities.

      167. Persons who have been engaged in espionage activitieson behalf of foreign intelligence services often utilizeespionage paraphernalia, including devices designed to concealand transmit national defense and classified intelligenceinformation. These paraphernalia and devices include materialsused by espionage agents to communicate between each other andwith a foreign government, to wit: coded pads, secret writingpaper, chemicals used to develop coded and secret messages,microdots, and microfiche, together with instructions in the useof these materials; electronic recording and transmittalequipment; computers and computer disks; cameras and film; books,records, documents, and papers. The information that isfrequently passed or recorded through such methods oftenincludes: (1) national defense and classified intelligenceinformation; (2) the identities of other foreign espionage agentsand intelligence officers; (3) financial transactions, includingpayments to foreign espionage agents and hidden financialaccounts; (4) records of previous illicit espionage transactions;and (5) the source and disposition of national defense andclassified information.

      168. Persons who have been engaged in espionage activitieson behalf of foreign intelligence services routinely conceal intheir residences large amounts of United States and foreigncurrency, financial instruments, precious metals and gems,jewelry, and other items of value and/or proceeds of illegalespionage transactions. They also conceal records relating tohidden foreign and domestic bank and financial records, includingaccounts in fictitious names.

      169. Persons who have been engaged in espionage activitieson behalf of foreign intelligence services often secrete nationaldefense and classified documents and materials, as well asclandestine communications devices and instructions, contactinstructions, codes, telephone numbers, maps, photographs, otherpapers and materials relating to communications procedures, andproceeds and records of illegal espionage transactions, in securehidden locations and compartments within their residences, placesof employment, safe deposit boxes, storage facilities, and/ormotor vehicles, including hidden compartments within motorvehicles, for ready access and to conceal such items from lawenforcement authorities.

      170. Persons who have been engaged in espionage activitieson behalf of foreign intelligence services are not unlike anyother person in our society in that they maintain documents andrecords, often doing so for long periods of time regardless ofwhether their value to the person has diminished. These personsmaintain documents and records that will identify and corroboratetravel both in the United States and abroad made in connectionwith foreign intelligence activity, including personal meets withforeign intelligence officers. Such documents and recordsinclude passports, visas, calendars, journals, date books,telephone numbers, credit cards, hotel receipts, airline records,correspondence, carbon copies of money orders and cashier'schecks evidencing large cash expenditures, and accounts andrecords in fictitious names.

      171. Persons who have been engaged in espionage activitieson behalf of foreign intelligence services often maintainidentity documents, including those utilizing fictitiousidentities. United States foreign currency, instructions, maps,photographs. United States and foreign bank accounts' accessnumbers and instructions, and other papers and materials relatingto emergency contact procedures and escape plans.

      172. The above-described results of recent court authorizedsearches of HANSSEN's automobile and office demonstrate thatHANSSEN has retained evidence of his espionage activity, and thatsuch activity is ongoing.

      173. Both the location of the dead drop site "ELLIS", andthe location of the signal site associated with the "ELLIS" deaddrop site — the Foxstone Park sign in the southern part ofFoxstone Park -- are within an approximately one-mile driving andwalking distance from HANSSEN's residence at 9414 Talisman Drive,Vienna, Virginia.

      174. "B" had substantial communications with the KGB aboutusing sophisticated computer techniques for communications, andhe sent information to the KGB on encrypted computer diskettes.HANSSEN is known to be highly skilled in the use of computers andcomputer programming, and to maintain at least one computer withits own server in his residence at 9414 Talisman Drive, Vienna,Virginia. There is thus probable cause to believe that incontinuing espionage activities HANSSEN is using one or morecomputers (in addition to his Palm III device) and related disks,diskettes, and other equipment now located in his residence at9414 Talisman Drive, Vienna, Virginia.

      VIII. SPECIAL NEEDS AND JUSTIFICATION TO SEIZE COMPUTERS ANDRELATED HARDWARE AND ELECTRONIC STORAGE DEVICES FOUNDAT HANSSEN'S RESIDENCE FOR OFF-SITE EXAMINATION

      175. As noted above, HANSSEN has a high degree of computertechnology expertise. In addition, there is probable cause tobelieve that HANSSEN is using computers as an instrumentality ofhis espionage activities. This is evidenced by the letters toand from the KGB/SVR found on the computer memory card in hisbriefcase, and by the reference "ELLIS" on his Palm III device,as well as HANSSEN's extensive accessing of the FBI's ACS systemfor information relevant to his espionage activities. HANSSENhas at least one computer and a server in his residence at 9414Talisman Drive, Vienna, Virginia, and a portable laptop computer.Because of the likelihood that HANSSEN will have extraordinaryamounts of information and files in his computers (includinglaptops) and any computer storage devices and that suchinformation may be encrypted, it will be neither practical norreasonable to require the searching agents to examine thedefendant's computers onsite at his residence. Given HANSSEN'scomputer expertise and concern about detection, there isconsiderable risk that HANSSEN has set up self-destruct programsfor his computers that could erase vital evidence and files ifhis system or systems were examined by anyone other than experts.Accordingly, the FBI intends to seize those components ofHANSSEN' s computer hardware and related equipment as the FBIdetermines must be seized in order to be examined in anappropriate location by Computer Analysis Response Team (CART)personnel. Seizing and disabling the defendant's computerhardware will also help prevent HANSSEN or any co-conspiratorsfrom seeking to erase any data on HANSSEN's computer system(including his server) from any remote location and through anyspecial destructive program.

      176. In addition, it is highly probable that HANSSEN hasaccess to and has used the computers (including laptops) offamily members residing in the same residence. Accordingly, hemay be using these computers of family members to store ortransmit or conceal classified information or other evidence ofthe espionage activity set forth in this affidavit. It willtherefore be necessary to seize and examine the computer hardwareand files within of family members. Such computers and filestherein will be speedily returned to those family members ifexamination discloses that they have in fact no evidence ordocuments connected to the espionage activity described in thisAffidavit.

      IX. REQUEST FOR AUTHORITY TO EXECUTE SEARCH WARRANTS DURINGNIGHTTIME HOURS

      Based on my experience and the experience of other FBISpecial Agents known to me, I am aware that persons who havecommitted serious felonies, particularly those felonies withauthorized punishments of death or incarceration for any term ofyears or life, will often attempt to destroy evidence, fruits,and instrumentalities of their crimes if alerted prematurely tolaw enforcement interest. I also know that foreign intelligenceservices, including the SVR, are able to communicate prearranged"danger" signals to their agents to alert them to destroyevidence, fruits and other instrumentalities of crime, as well asto execute emergency escape plans. I am also aware that thesehostile foreign intelligence services, and in particular the SVR,actively seek to penetrate United States intelligence and lawenforcement agencies by technical and human means to learn aboutFBI counterintelligence activities. As a result, law enforcementinterest could be detected at any time and it may be necessary toexecute a search warrant during night time hours to preserveevidence, fruits and instrumentalities of espionage fromdestruction.

      In addition, it is noted that as a Special Agent of theFederal Bureau of Investigation, HANSSEN is authorized to carry aservice weapon at all times, and he is known to have additionalweapons in his residence, and may in his vehicles, that couldpose an immediate danger and threat to any searching or arrestingagents unless seized and secured as quickly as possible.

      If the FBI is unsuccessful in apprehending HANSSENimmediately, he could return home during evening hours to destroyincriminating evidence, obtain a weapon and other items to assisthis flight or evasion. In an undated letter to the KGB inNovember 1985, HANSSEN wrote: "Eventually I would appreciate anescape plan." HANSSEN currently carries his valid touristpassport in his briefcase. As noted above, the SVR hasinstructed HANSSEN to use a yellow tack in case of a "threateningsituation", which could trigger an SVR-assisted escape, and hehas recently possessed yellow tacks. It is highly likely thatHANSSEN would have such an escape plan in place by 2001, and thatauthority to search at any time of the day or night would beessential to foil any such escape plan, especially if HANSSENreceived warning from the SVR.

      Finally, as noted above, much of the operational activity ofthe "B" operation occurred at night. Recently, HANSSEN wasobserved checking a known KGB/SVR signal site on severalnighttime occasions in December 2000 and January and February.Accordingly, there is probable cause to believe that HANSSENwould go to the signal site or related dead drop site (bothdesignated under the code name "ELLIS") at any time, andespecially at night to avoid detection. Because an arrest ofHANSSEN could well occur in the nighttime hours, and the searchesshould be conducted immediately upon his arrest, authority isrequested to execute search warrants during nighttime hours.

      X. CONCLUSION AS TO PROBABLE CAUSE TO SEARCH

      177. Based on the above facts and circumstances, I believethere is probable cause that evidence, fruits, instrumentalities,and proceeds of espionage activity by ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN, inviolation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 794 (a)(Transmitting National Defense Information) and Section 794 (c)(Conspiracy to Commit Espionage), are located in:

        1) The residence of ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN, suchpremises known and described as a single familyresidence located at:

        9414 Talisman DriveVienna, Virginia 22182

        as more fully described in Attachment B, and whichis within the Eastern District of Virginia;

        2) One silver 1997 Ford Taurus, bearing VINIFALP52U9VG211742 and Virginia license platenumber ZCW9538, which is anticipated to be withinthe Eastern District of Virginia;

        3) One 1993 Volkswagen van, bearing VINWV2KC0706PH080424 and Virginia license platenumber ZCW9537, which is anticipated to be withinthe Eastern District of Virginia;

        4) One 1992 Isuzu Trooper, bearing VINJACDH58W7N7903937 and Virginia license plateYRP3849, which is anticipated to be within theEastern District of Virginia;

      XI. WARRANTS REQUESTED

      Based on all the foregoing, I respectfully request a warrantfor the arrest of ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN, and search warrants forthe locations described in the immediately foregoing Section ofthis Affidavit.

      XII. ATTESTATION

      The above facts are true and correct to the best of myknowledge and belief.

        [signed]
        Stefan A. Pluta
        Special Agent
        Federal Bureau of Investigation
      Sworn and Subscribed to before methis 16th day of February, 2001.

      [signed:] THOMAS RAWLES JONES, JR.
      UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

      ATTACHMENT A

      1) Espionage paraphernalia, including devices designed toconceal and transmit national defense and classified intelligenceinformation and material, and implements used by espionage agentsto communicate with their handlers and with a foreign government,to wit: white tape, mailing tape, colored chalk (all used forsignaling purposes), coded pads, secret writing paper, microdots,any letters, notes or other written communications (includingcontact instructions) between defendant ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN andany agents of the SVR or other intelligence service of theRussian Federation; any computers, (including laptops), computerdisks, cameras, film, codes, telephone numbers, maps, photographsand other materials relating to communication procedures,correspondence;

      2) Records, notes, calendars, journals, maps, instructions,and classified documents and other papers and documents relatingto the transmittal of national defense and classifiedintelligence information (including the identities of foreignespionage agents and intelligence officers and other foreignassets or sources providing information to the United StatesIntelligence Community, such as the FBI and CIA; United StatesGovernment ledger notebooks in which the defendant ROBERT PHILIPHANSSEN has notes pertaining to FBI foreign counterintelligenceinvestigations; records of previous illicit espionagetransactions, national defense and classified intelligenceinformation, including copies of documents copied or downloadedby ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN from the FBI's Automated Case SupportSystem (ACS), which is the FBI's computerized databases ofinvestigative indices and files; FBI investigative serials;records receipts, .papers or documents reflecting financialaccounts, where ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN received payments from theKGB, SVR, or other agents of the Soviet Union or successorRussian Federation, records or documents reflecting the sourceand disposition of national defense and classified intelligenceand counterintelligence information;

      3) Large amounts of United States and foreign currency,financial instruments, precious metals, jewelry, and other itemsof value, which are the proceeds of or assets derived fromillegal espionage transactions; any financial records of foreignand domestic bank accounts, including canceled checks, monthlystatements, deposit slips, withdrawal slips, wire transferrequests and confirmations, account numbers, addresses, creditcards and credit card statements, financial and investmentaccount records (including dividend records, stock transactionrecords), all reflecting illicit proceeds or wealth from multipleyears of engaging in espionage for pay from the Soviet Union andsuccessor Russian Federation and their intelligence services;records of such financial accounts and records in the possessionor control of defendant ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN but in fictitiousor alias names;

      4) Passports, visas, calendars, date books, address books,credit card and hotel receipts, airline records, reflectingtravel in furtherance of espionage activities, and any documentsevidencing large cash expenditures derived from espionageactivities;

      5) Identity documents, including but not limited topassports, licenses, visas (including those in fictitious oralias identities), U.S. and foreign currency, instructions, maps,photographs, U.S. and foreign bank account access numbers andinstructions and other papers and materials relating to emergencycontact procedures and escape routes;

      6) Safety deposit box records, including signature cards,bills, and payment records, safety deposit box keys, whether inthe name of the defendant or a family member; any recordspertaining to any commercial storage sites where the defendantmay be storing other classified intelligence and counter-intelligence documents or other records of his espionageactivities;

      7) Federal, state and local tax returns, work sheets, W-2forms, 1099 forms, and any related schedules;

      8) Records concerning real property purchases, sales,transfers, both within the United States and any foreigncountries, including deeds, deeds of trust, land contracts,settlement statements, and mortgage documents, such recordsreflecting disposition of proceeds from and assets acquired frommoney paid to the defendant for his espionage on behalf of theSoviet Union, successor Russian Federation, and theirintelligence services;

      9) Telephone bills and records, including calling cards andpager records;

      10) Photographs, including photographs of co-conspirators;correspondence (including envelopes) to and from ROBERT PHILIPHANSSEN and handlers, contacts and intelligence agents of theSoviet Union and successor Russian Federation;

      11) Copies of applications, affidavits, search warrants,and returns filed with the Foreign Intelligence SurveillanceCourt (FISC), concerning current FBI foreign counterintelligenceinvestigations and notes, reports and records pertaining to suchinvestigations, including FBI requests for FISC authority;

      12) Computer hardware, software, and storage media, knownto be used by the defendant or to which he had access, including,but not limited to: any personal computer, laptop computer,modem, and server, which have been and are being used to committhe offenses of espionage and conspiracy to commit espionage;records, information and files contained within such computerhardware containing evidence and fruits of defendant's espionageactivity between October 1, 1985, and the present, includingclassified documents, in whatever form and by whatever means theyhave been created or stored, including but not limited to anyelectrical, electronic, or magnetic form of storage device;floppy diskettes, hard disks, zip disks, CD-ROMs, optical discs,backup tapes, printer buffers, smart cards, memory calculators,pagers, personal digital assistants such as Palm III devices,removable hard drives, memory cards, zip drives, and anyphotographic forms of such records including microfilm, digitalprints, slides, negatives, microfiche, photocopies, andvideotapes, computer terminals and printers used by the defendantin said espionage activity.

      ATTACHMENT B

      9414 Talisman Drive, Vienna, Virginia, is the currentresidence of defendant ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN, and his family.This residence is a single family detached house, the closetstreet intersecting 9414 Talisman Drive is McKinley Street.Talisman Drive ends in a cul de sac. It is further described asa wood multi-story building painted brown. This residence alsoincludes an attached garage. 9414 Talisman Drive includes anyappurtenances within the curtilege of this property, and anygrounds, yard or woods constituting any part of the land uponwhich this residence is located.

      ATTACHMENT C

      One 1997 Ford Taurus four-door, silver in color, VIN#IFALP52U9VG211742, Virginia license tags ZCW9538, which is ownedby, registered to, and used by ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN. It isanticipated that this vehicle will be located in the EasternDistrict of Virginia in the vicinity of 9414 Talisman Drive inVienna, Virginia, or elsewhere in the Eastern District ofVirginia.

      ATTACHMENT D

      One 1993 Volkswagen van, Vin #WV2KC0706PH080424, Virginialicense tags ZCW9537, owned and used by ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN,and also used by his wife. It is anticipated that this vehiclewill be located in the Eastern District of Virginia in thevicinity of 9414 Talisman Drive, Vienna, Virginia.

      (Video) Sworn Truths that Make a Lawful Search Warrant | What is an Affidavit? | In Your Defense

      ATTACHMENT E

      One 1992 Isuzu Trooper, VIN #JACDH58W7N7903937, Virginialicense tags YRP3849. This vehicle is owned by, and possiblyoperated by ROBERT PHILIP HANSSEN. It is anticipated that thisvehicle will be located in the Eastern District of Virginia inthe vicinity of 9414 Talisman Drive, Vienna, Virginia.

      FAQs

      What is one of the necessary components of a search warrant? ›

      A valid search warrant must meet four requirements: (1) the warrant must be filed in good faith by a law enforcement officer; (2) the warrant must be based on reliable information showing probable cause to search; (3) the warrant must be issued by a neutral and detached magistrate; and (4) the warrant must state ...

      What is the difference between a search and a seizure by police? ›

      A search involves law enforcement officers going through part or all of individual's property, and looking for specific items that are related to a crime that they have reason to believe has been committed. A seizure happens if the officers take possession of items during the search.

      How long does a warrant stay active in Oklahoma? ›

      In other words, bench warrants do not expire. They are not automatically deleted after, for example, five years if the police fail to find the subject of the warrant. Indeed, the warrant will remain outstanding until the subject dies, unless the judge otherwise recalls or quashes it for some other reason.

      What makes a search warrant valid? ›

      If the judge is thereupon satisfied of the existence of facts upon which the application is based, or that there is probable cause to believe that they exist, he must issue the warrant, which must be substantially in the form prescribed by the Rules; Search warrants must be in duplicate, both signed by the judge.

      What are the main requirements of a valid search warrant? ›

      The US Constitution also describes the circumstances under which a warrant must be issued. It provides that a warrant shall not be issued unless there is probable cause; the warrant must be supported by oath or affirmation and the place to be searched and the things to be searched must be particularly described.

      Videos

      1. Former Detroit police drug officer accused of lying to get search warrants
      (Click On Detroit | Local 4 | WDIV)
      2. How do "arrest warrants" work? (Former DA explains)
      (Shouse Law Group Channel)
      3. Trump search: The difference between a warrant, affidavit and property receipt | Rush Hour
      (NewsNation)
      4. Discussing The Possible Release Of The Affidavit FBI Used To Get A Search Warrant For Mar-a-Lago
      (MSNBC)
      5. Reporters Examine First Pages Of Affidavit Used For Trump Search Warrant
      (MSNBC)
      6. LIVE: Coverage After Redacted Mar-a-Lago Search Warrant Affidavit Unsealed | NBC News
      (NBC News)

      Top Articles

      Latest Posts

      Article information

      Author: Prof. An Powlowski

      Last Updated: 08/07/2022

      Views: 6161

      Rating: 4.3 / 5 (44 voted)

      Reviews: 83% of readers found this page helpful

      Author information

      Name: Prof. An Powlowski

      Birthday: 1992-09-29

      Address: Apt. 994 8891 Orval Hill, Brittnyburgh, AZ 41023-0398

      Phone: +26417467956738

      Job: District Marketing Strategist

      Hobby: Embroidery, Bodybuilding, Motor sports, Amateur radio, Wood carving, Whittling, Air sports

      Introduction: My name is Prof. An Powlowski, I am a charming, helpful, attractive, good, graceful, thoughtful, vast person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.