Does a Non Compete Hold Up if You Are Laid Off? (2023)

Does a Non Compete Hold Up if You Are Laid Off? (1)

Does a non-compete still apply if you’re laid off? First, suppose you have a non-compete that applies to you. In that case, you’ve likely signed an employment agreement where the non-compete was part of the restrictive covenants in the employment agreement. Restrictive covenants are things the professional can’t do either during or after the contract is terminated. I’m only going to talk specifically about professionals that have signed employment agreements, including a non-compete.

How to terminate an Employment Contract?

Within the contract, it will state, one, the term, meaning the length of the agreement, and then two, termination, how to terminate it.

Usually, there are four ways to terminate a contract.

Initial Term and Mutual Agreement

One, the initial term can end. So, if you have a three-year contract, the end of the three years is over, and there’s no renewal language in the agreement, that’s it. The non-compete would then apply as soon as the employer terminates the contract. Two, the contract can be terminated by mutual agreement. So, if either party said, you know what, this isn’t working, let’s move on. Once again, whenever that date is, that non-compete would then kick in once that was terminated.

Does a Non Compete Hold Up if You Are Laid Off? (2)

With-Cause Termination

The next one is with-cause, meaning if one party is in breach of contract and fails to secure the breach. Then the other party will have the option to terminate the agreement immediately. Now, there are times when the employer is in breach of contract. They’ll be language in there that states the non-compete won’t apply if the employer is in breach and the agreement is terminated with-cause. If the language isn’t there, I suggest you put it in or ensure it’s in there. That states, once again, if the employer is breaching the contract, fails to, we call that cure the breach, or fix the breach, the non-compete won’t apply.

(Video) Does a Non Compete Hold Up If You Are Laid Off?

Without-Cause Termination

The last option we’ll talk about the most today is without-cause termination. This means either party can terminate the agreement for any reason, at any time, with a certain amount of notice to the other party. Most people think that being laid off is when the employer terminates the contract without-cause. Both parties can do this with a certain amount of notice. You must make sure that you’re providing the proper notice. If the employer utilizes the without-cause termination agreement, the non-compete will still apply. So, to be clear, even if you’re laid off, which means the employer terminated the contract without-cause, the non-compete will still apply. So, yes, if you are laid off, it’s highly likely that the non-compete will apply.

Three Components of Non-compete

Now, there are a handful of states where non-competes are entirely unenforceable. So, I would check in whatever state you’re in to ensure that a non-competition clause is even enforceable by the courts in that state. And then two, any state will only enforce reasonable non-competes. Meaning it’s specific to what is prohibited, it’s typical to how long it lasts, and then it’s specific to the geographic restriction. And those are the three components of any non-compete, what you specifically can’t do, for how long, within a specific geographic radius. For a physician, let’s say they’re a general surgeon. It’ll state you can’t work as a general surgeon for one year after the contract terminates within 10 miles of your primary practice location.

And then, you can extrapolate that to all the different professions. So, in short, yes, it’s very likely the non-compete will still apply even if you are laid off if you had signed an employment agreement. The employer utilized the without-cause termination option.

Other Blogs of Interest

  • Does a Non Compete Hold Up If You Resign? | Non-Compete Clause
  • What Makes a Non Compete Unenforceable?

Can an Employee Refuse to Sign a Non-Compete? | Employees Non-Compete

Can an employee refuse to sign a non-compete? If you’re a professional, it’s very likely the employer will make you sign an employment agreement or perhaps an independent contractor agreement. And most of the time, a non-compete will be included in the employment agreement. A non-compete is a restrictive covenant, and a restrictive covenant essentially stops the employee from doing something either during or after the employment relationship has been terminated. Suppose a professional has been presented with an employment agreement containing an amount of non-compete. In that case, the potential employee can undoubtedly say, I’m not going to sign the non-compete if you want me to be a part of this company. And then, the company can tell you that unless you sign the non-compete, we will not offer you the position.

Does a Non Compete Hold Up if You Are Laid Off? (3)

Non-Compete Negotiation

So, it’s a matter of negotiation and leverage. Most employers will not say, fine, you don’t have to sign a non-compete unless the employee is going to give something up. It is standard in the healthcare profession, sales, and other industries to have a non-compete. It’s just a standard part of being a professional. So, because your employer is asking you to sign an employment agreement containing a non-compete, they’re not out to get you. It’s just a normal part of doing business. Now, another question is whether that non-compete is reasonable or even enforceable or not. There are a few states where non-competes are entirely unenforceable. First, you need to check and see if your state is one of those. And then next, any state will take a reasonableness standard in determining whether the non-compete is enforceable.

Is Non-Compete Enforceable or Reasonable in your State?

So, they’re going to say, alright, what is the scope? Meaning, what is the non-compete stopping you from doing? And then how long does it last? And then what is the geographic restriction? Like, how far? What is the territory where you cannot continue doing what you are doing for that employer? There will be a point for many of the people I assist with contract review where they say.

Because of the situation that they’re in, meaning they’re in a city that they grew up in, that they have family in, their kids go to school there. There’s no scenario where they would be able to move away from the city. The non-compete can be an absolute deal breaker. And others are moving to the city specifically for the job. They have no ties to the town, and they could care less if they have to move away after the contract ends.

Scenario Where the Non-Compete is Important

And so, in the first scenario where the non-compete is extremely important, as I said before, it can be a complete deal breaker. They can say, look, I’m not signing a contract with a non-compete. And most of the time, the employer will say, well, we’re going to find somebody else. Whereas it could be someone who could care less about the non-compete, it’s not even an issue. So, can the employer force the employee to sign a non-compete? Absolutely. They can make it a part of the employment contract.

(Video) Laid Off and Subject to a Non-Compete Agreement?

And obviously, the employee will have to sign the employment contract before they start. But it certainly is up to the employee whether to sign it or not. If you’ve signed the non-compete, you must be willing to live up to and deal with that non-compete. I mean, many times, I get calls from people who have signed an employment agreement that contains a non-compete. Then after the contract terminates, they say, oh my God, this is such a terrible non-compete.

How to Get out of a Terrible Non-Compete From a Former Employer?

How do I get out of it? Well, it isn’t easy. If it’s in a state where they’re entirely enforceable, that’s easy. We can work out a deal with the employer, and almost always, it’s an amount the employee has to pay to get out of the non-compete. Or if it’s considered unreasonable in some respects, meaning, as I said before, it’s too long. It restricts too large of a territory. The scope of it is like, let’s say you’re in software sales, and then the non-compete thinks you can’t make sales anywhere in any industry for a period. Well, that probably would not be enforceable. It should be specific to what you’re doing for the employer.


And let’s take a physician, for example. Maybe you’re in internal medicine, and you could be a hospitalist. You could be doing urgent care, ER, or primary care. Well, suppose you’re a hospitalist for an employer. In that case, you should be able to do those other things, not just stop you from practicing medicine. So, you want to ensure it’s specific to your scope in that particular employer. Well, that is a little breakdown of whether an employee must sign the non-compete or what are some ways to get around it.

What Are Non-Compete Agreements? | Noncompete Agreements

If you are a healthcare professional about to take on a new job, you may be wondering about non-compete agreements. What are they? Who needs them? What should you look out for when signing one?

While non-competes may seem like overly severe restrictions to most people, you need to abide if your state enforces them. This then forces every worker to seek to understand non-compete agreements. Here is everything you need to know about non-compete agreements.

Employer vs. Employees: What Are Non-Compete Agreements?

A non-compete agreement is a contract between an employer and employee in which the employee agrees not to compete with the employer during or after employment within a particular geographic area for a specific period. Non-competes are usually signed when an employee first starts working for a company, but they can also be signed later. Noncompete agreements are also known as a covenant not to compete, restrictive covenants, or non competition clauses.

Before signing a non-compete agreement, it is important to review the clause thoroughly with the help of a physician contract lawyer. This is primarily because non-compete restrictions can have significant impacts on your career. For example, it can prevent you from getting a job in your field within a specific radius for years if you leave your position- which may happen due to unavoidable circumstances.

How Does a Non-Compete Employment Agreement Work?

Noncompete agreements are most common in fields where there is a lot of competition, such as sales, marketing, and technology. They are also common in industries where employers want to protect their trade secrets or other confidential information.

In the field of medicine, a non-compete is often used to prevent physicians from leaving their jobs and opening up a competing practice nearby. Non compete can also be used to prevent:

(Video) Does a Non Compete Hold Up If You Resign?

  • Nurses from starting a competing home health care business
  • Pharmaceutical sales representatives from going to work for a competitor
  • A veterinarian from opening up a competing animal hospital
  • Dentists from opening up a competing dental practice
  • Pediatricians from going to work for a competing pediatric practice

What Are the Legalities of Non-Compete Agreements

Non-compete agreements are governed by state law. This means that the terms of a non-compete agreement can vary depending on which state you practice. For example, some states require that non-competes be in writing, while others do not.

State laws require the employer to provide valid consideration, reasonable time frame, geographical scope, and activities to be restrained from having a legally binding agreement. Some states don’t make a non-compete enforceable at all. For example, North Dakota, California, and Oklahoma.

What to Look Out For in a Non-Compete Agreement?

When you are reviewing a non-compete agreement, there are a few key things you should look out for:

The Time Period of the Non-Compete

The non-compete length should be a reasonable amount of time, such as one to three years. The longer the time frame, the more likely it will affect you if you leave your job.

The Geographical Scope of the Noncompete

The non-compete geographic scope should be limited to your employer’s business areas. The radius can vary depending on the location where you work. For example, 15-50 miles could be reasonable if you practice in rural areas. While if you practice in urban areas, 2-15 miles can be considered appropriate.

The Activities

The activities that are restricted should be clearly defined. They should not be more than what’s needed to protect the employer.

Advantages of a Non-Compete Agreement on Employees

There are some advantages to signing a non-compete agreement, such as:

  • You may be able to negotiate a higher salary or other benefits, such as more vacation days. This is due to the consequences that follow if your contract is terminated and you need to get a new job.
  • If you leave your job, you will clearly understand what you can and cannot do. This can prevent you from getting into legal trouble down the road.
  • Your employer may be more willing to invest in your training because they know you are less likely to leave the company and use the acquired skills to compete with them.
  • Non-compete agreements can give you a sense of job security and stability.
  • If you are laid off or fired, you may be entitled to severance pay.

Disadvantages of a Non-Compete Agreement to an Employee

There are also some disadvantages to signing a non-compete agreement, such as:

  • It can limit your ability to get another job in your field within a specific region if you are laid off or fired.
  • You may be stuck in a job you don’t like because you are afraid of breaching your contract.
  • If you do breach your contract, you may be sued by your employer. This can be expensive and time-consuming, even if you win the case.

Note that you don’t have to agree to the non-compete agreement as presented to you by your employer. You should evaluate which parts are critical to you and which parts you’re more flexible with. Next, aim to negotiate on how you and your employer can meet in the middle. Remember, you need a strategy and a reasonable one to do this successfully.

(Video) Noncompete Agreements and Biden's Executive Order


If you are asked to sign a non-compete agreement, it is crucial to ensure that the agreement is fair and reasonable. The reasonableness of a non-compete agreement depends on many factors, such as the duration of the agreement, the geographic scope, and the type of job you have.

Before signing a non-compete agreement, make sure you understand all these terms and conditions. This way, you can protect yourself and your future career. The first step to doing this is by consulting an experienced employment lawyer who can review and advise you on the agreement.

Chelle Law has helped many healthcare workers review and negotiate their non-compete agreements. He would be happy to help you understand your rights and options under the law.

Employment Contract Questions?

Contract Review, Termination Issues and more!

Click Here for More Information
(Video) Non-Competition and Non-Solicitation Clause Primer - Employment Law Show: S5 E23


What can void a non-compete? ›

Voiding a non-compete contract is possible if your employer promised you something in exchange for signing the agreement and did not intend to fulfill this promise.

Does getting fired nullify a non-compete? ›

Does my non-compete clause still hold if I leave my job involuntarily? In most cases, the non-compete clause still holds even if you are fired or laid off. However, you may be able to request that your former employer waive the clause. In such circumstances, employers are sometimes more open to waiving the clause.

Does a non-compete hold up if you are laid off in Florida? ›

A noncompete agreement will be enforceable in most cases regardless of if you were fired or voluntarily left a company. However, the terms of the written agreement could state otherwise. You should carefully read the terms of the noncompete and seek an attorney's opinion on its enforceability.

Does a non-compete agreement mean I cant get another job? ›

These contracts outline how long the employee must refrain from working with a competitor, in a geographic location, or in a specific market. Some states, like California, refuse to enforce non-compete agreements. Non-compete agreements can prevent workers from getting a job in their field if they leave a position.

What makes a noncompete invalid? ›

Many Non-Competes are unenforceable because they restrict competition across too broad of a territory. Non-Competes usually describe a restricted area in which the employee cannot compete.

What states ban non-compete? ›

In California, North Dakota, the District of Columbia, and Oklahoma, non-competes are either entirely or largely unenforceable as against public policy. Other states, including Maine, Maryland, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Washington, have banned non-compete agreements for low-wage workers.

How often do non-competes hold up? ›

One to two years is typically reasonable, while three to five years is unlikely to be upheld by a court.

Should I tell my new employer about my non-compete? ›

3. Be honest with prospective employers. If you do land an interview for a new job, it's important to discuss your non-compete agreement with your prospective employer. Keeping it a secret could force the employer to fire you later on to comply with the contract.

Is a 12 month non-compete enforceable? ›

Restrictive covenants: 12 Month non-compete clause enforced by the High Court. The High Court has enforced a twelve month non-compete clause which was included in an employment contract against an employment lawyer.

Do employers really enforce non-competes? ›

California - Non-compete clauses are not enforceable under California law. However, LegalNature's non-compete agreement may still be used to prohibit the employee from soliciting customers and other employees away from the employer.

How strict is a non-compete? ›

These restrictions mean you can't compete with your previous employer or solicit clients that were doing business with that employer within a specific area. Although this is a common feature of non-competes, there are limits to how wide an area they can prohibit you from working in.

How easy is it to get out of a non-compete agreement? ›

Typically, the only way to fight a non-compete agreement is to go to court. If you are an employee (or former employee) who signed such an agreement, this means you must violate the agreement and wait to be sued. It may be that your former employer has never sued another employee to enforce the non-compete agreement.

Can a company prevent me from working for a competitor? ›

Under California Business and Professions Code Section 16600, unless you were an owner of the business, any “non-compete clause” which forbids an employees who is fired or resigns from working for a competitor or starting a competing business is illegal and unenforceable.

Can you negotiate a non-compete agreement? ›

Employees often think non-compete agreements are non-negotiable, but companies will negotiate with you if they really want you on their team.

Do you get paid during non-compete? ›

Option 1- Mandatory compensation – employers pay reasonable compensation to the employee for the duration of the non-compete clause.

Should I be worried about a non-compete? ›

Hiring someone with a non-compete can be risky for the new firm as well if you're hiring from a competitor. The previous employer can sue their former employee and the new employer. Even if they lose, if can cost the employee and new firm a lot of money in legal fees, and may prevent the person from working for a time.

Why do non competition clauses rarely hold up in court? ›

If the clause in question prevents competition, it's unlikely to hold up in court. Courts are reluctant to enforce such provisions, and will only do so in exceptional circumstances. If, on the other hand, the clause only prevents solicitation, its enforceability is more likely – but by no means certain.

Are non competes legal in US? ›

Most states limit non-compete clauses, requiring that their geographic scope, duration, and restrictions on competitive activity be reasonable. This leaves most non-compete agreements subject to courts' interpretations about what constitutes a legitimate business interest.

Are non competes constitutional? ›

The legality of non-compete agreements differs from state to state. In the majority of states, noncompete clauses are allowed so long as the scope of the restrictions are reasonable. Reasonable covenants not to compete are permitted in Wisconsin on freedom of contract grounds so long as consideration is exchanged.

What is a non-compete law? ›

A non-competition restriction (or non-compete clause) prevents an employee from joining a rival employer for a defined period after termination.

What are the consequences of a non-compete? ›

If you violate a valid non-compete covenant that is in place, your former employer could pursue legal action against you. This could involve an injunction, lawsuit, or monetary penalties. You could face civil penalties and additional consequences for violating your non-compete agreement as well.

How binding is a non-compete? ›

Like other contracts, a noncompete agreement is a binding document, and employees who sign them can't enter into direct competition with their former employer after leaving their job. Usually, this means that an employee can't work in certain industries or at particular companies for a set period of time.

How long is too long noncompete? ›

As for a time limit on a non-compete agreement, most employers see between six months and two years as a reasonable non-compete time frame, with one year being quite common. However, the time frame depends on the industry and type of career path the individual has.

Can employers find out if you work another job? ›

It's not inevitable that your employer will find out about your second job, but in practice – they usually do. The longer you work for another company, the more likely you are to be exposed. If your employer does find out about your second job, it's usually due to one of the following reasons: Your performance worsens.

Why are noncompete agreements potentially bad for employees? ›

In many cases, employers use their outsized bargaining power to coerce workers into signing these contracts. Noncompetes harm competition in U.S. labor markets by blocking workers from pursuing better opportunities and by preventing employers from hiring the best available talent.

Can I compete with previous employer? ›

Even if you haven't signed an agreement prohibiting you from competing, using your former employer's intellectual property is a big "no-no."

What is post-termination non-compete clause? ›

Post-termination non-compete clauses, also known as restrictive covenants, are included in contracts to prohibit employees from engaging in a similar business or profession for a specified period of time or within a specified geographic area in order to protect the employers' business following the termination of ...

What is the case law on non-compete clause? ›

The Hon'ble Supreme Court of India in Niranjan Shankar Golikari v. Century Spinning Mills[2], upheld the Non-Compete clause of the employment contract thereby preventing the shift supervisor, i.e., the employee from joining the competitor during the term of the employment contract.

Why is there a 90 day non-compete clause? ›

It's built into the contract when they sign originally. If WWE decides to cease employing them, the wrestlers are paid their downside guarantee (their minimum salary) for 90 days after WWE decides to terminate the contract. Basically they're still WWE employees for those 90 days.

Why are non-compete agreements bad? ›

In its thoroughly researched proposal, the FTC described the negative effects of non-compete contracts in rich detail. They depress labor market mobility and reduce wages and wage growth (regardless of whether employers can or do enforce them in court) and contribute to racial and gender wage gaps.

What problems could arise from the use of non-compete agreements? ›

And we do have a range of studies suggesting that, in industries where enforceable non-compete agreements are used en masse, the whole labor market is slower-moving, there are fewer job offers made, worker wages are lower, job mobility is lower, and job satisfaction is lower.

Are non-competes unethical? ›

Simply, a non-compete cannot be ethically justified if the employer lacks any legitimate business interest.

Why non-compete agreements are good? ›

Employers use these agreements for a variety of reasons: they can protect trade secrets, reduce labor turnover, impose costs on competing firms, and improve employer leverage in future negotiations with workers.

What is a non-compete agreement worth? ›

The value of a non-competition agreement is represented by the present value of the cash flows that would be lost if the covenanter were to compete, adjusted for the effective probability that the covenanter would compete, and compete successfully.

How do you get around a non-solicitation agreement? ›

Escaping Nonsolicitation Agreements
  1. Don't sign. ...
  2. Build your book independently. ...
  3. Carve out pre-existing relationships. ...
  4. Require “for cause” termination as the trigger. ...
  5. Provide for a payoff. ...
  6. Turn clients into friends. ...
  7. Don't treat clients as trade secrets. ...
  8. Invest in your own business.

Can I work for a competitor if I signed a non-compete Texas? ›

Yes, a company can prevent you from working for a competitor in Texas if you have signed a valid and enforceable non-compete agreement.

How do you tell if you are being pushed out of your job? ›

How do you know your boss wants to fire you?
  1. You're being micromanaged. Being micromanaged means your boss hovers over your shoulder and watches your every move. ...
  2. Your workload has been reduced. ...
  3. You're excluded from important meetings. ...
  4. You're being ignored. ...
  5. Your efforts aren't recognized.
Nov 21, 2022

What are post termination restrictions? ›

Restrictive covenants and non-compete clauses (sometimes known as post-termination restrictions) are clauses within a contract of employment or a Settlement Agreement which prevent a leaving employee from taking clients or key employees from their former employer, or working for a competitor.

What do you do when employees resign to go to a competitor? ›

Invoke the Employment Agreement

Start with a cease and desist letter before you go straight to suing them, but if they persist, be prepared to take them to court.

What would void a non-compete agreement? ›

Voiding a non-compete contract is possible if your employer promised you something in exchange for signing the agreement and did not intend to fulfill this promise.

How to write a letter of release from non-compete agreement? ›

Letter Requesting Release from a Non-Compete

I am writing this letter and desperately requesting a release from this non-compete restraint. I am willing to offer payment or other valuable consideration in exchange for this request. Please contact me at any time to further discuss this matter at [TELEPHONE] or [E-MAIL].

Is a non-compete in your offer letter? ›

Non-compete clauses have become more standard in offer letters; these limit your ability to work for competitors after the job ends. That said, a non-compete clause should only appear in your offer letter if your position provides you with access to your employer's confidential information or trade secrets.

Which states ban non-compete agreements? ›

In California, North Dakota, the District of Columbia, and Oklahoma, non-competes are either entirely or largely unenforceable as against public policy. Other states, including Maine, Maryland, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Washington, have banned non-compete agreements for low-wage workers.

Does a non-compete mean I can't work? ›

Non-compete agreements are clauses in employment contracts that prevent workers from working for “competitor” companies during or after their current employment. These contracts typically restrict workers through time, industry, and/or geography.

What is your boss not allowed to do? ›

There are a few things your boss can't legally do in the state of California. Employees are protected from unfair behavior in the workplace, including discrimination, harassment, wrongful termination, and withholding or failing to pay salaries or wages.

What is bound to a non-compete? ›

A non-compete clause is a contractual term between an employer and a worker that blocks the worker from working for a competing employer, or starting a competing business, typically within a certain geographic area and period of time after the worker's employment ends.

Can my employer stop me from working for a competitor? ›

No matter what's in your contract, your old employer can't stop you taking a new job unless it could lose them money. For example if you might: take customers to your new employer when you leave. start a competing business in the same local area.

Should I worry about a non-compete? ›

Although it's your right to refuse to sign a non-compete agreement, by doing so you may lose your job offer or be terminated. As a consequence, employees end up signing the agreement because they need money, health insurance, and other company-provided benefits.

How serious is non-compete clause? ›

Non-Compete Clause In Employment Agreement

The Employee NDA Contract is also very crucial for all the Business Holders. Therefore, this provision is a restrictive or negative covenant, much like a non-solicitation or non-disclosure clause, because it limits the employees' freedom of action.

Do companies really enforce non-compete agreements? ›

California - Non-compete clauses are not enforceable under California law. However, LegalNature's non-compete agreement may still be used to prohibit the employee from soliciting customers and other employees away from the employer.

How long is a non-compete in months? ›

As for a time limit on a non-compete agreement, most employers see between six months and two years as a reasonable non-compete time frame, with one year being quite common.

How do you negotiate a non-compete clause? ›

Five Tips For Negotiating Non-Compete Contracts
  1. Consult An Attorney. Specifically, look for a labor and employment lawyer who can negotiate certain terms and determine which are truly enforceable. ...
  2. Limit The Geography. ...
  3. Limit The Time Span. ...
  4. Explore Other Restrictions. ...
  5. Get Paid.
Feb 20, 2008

Why non-compete agreements are bad? ›

In its thoroughly researched proposal, the FTC described the negative effects of non-compete contracts in rich detail. They depress labor market mobility and reduce wages and wage growth (regardless of whether employers can or do enforce them in court) and contribute to racial and gender wage gaps.


1. All about non compete agreements I Why they are not enforceable
2. How Serious Is a Non-Compete Agreement?
(Miles Mason Family Law Group)
3. How Do I Get Around a Non-Compete Agreement?
(Miles Mason Family Law Group)
4. Are non-compete agreements enforceable in Florida?
(Sass Law Firm)
5. Should I Accept A Counter Offer From My Employer? Counter Offer Advice From A Recruiter
(A Life After Layoff)
6. 5 Rights Overlooked by Employees - Employment Law Show: S3 E23
(Samfiru Tumarkin LLP Employment Lawyers)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Dr. Pierre Goyette

Last Updated: 04/10/2023

Views: 6037

Rating: 5 / 5 (50 voted)

Reviews: 81% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Dr. Pierre Goyette

Birthday: 1998-01-29

Address: Apt. 611 3357 Yong Plain, West Audra, IL 70053

Phone: +5819954278378

Job: Construction Director

Hobby: Embroidery, Creative writing, Shopping, Driving, Stand-up comedy, Coffee roasting, Scrapbooking

Introduction: My name is Dr. Pierre Goyette, I am a enchanting, powerful, jolly, rich, graceful, colorful, zany person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.